Direct Operation of IP-Solid Oxide Fuel Cell with Hydrogen and Methane Fuel Mixtures under Current Load Cycle Operating Condition
AbstractThe effects of methane concentration and current load cycle on the performance and durability of integrated planar solid oxide fuel cell (IP‐SOFC) obtained from Rolls Royce Fuel Cell Systems Ltd (RRFCS) has been investigated. The IP‐SOFC was operated with hydrogen–methane fuel mixture with up to 20% methane concentration at 900 °C for short term operation of the cells with high methane concentration increased the voltage of the IP‐SOFC due to increase in Gibbs free energy. However, it degraded the performance of the IP‐SOFC in long term operation due to carbon deposition on the anode surface. The current load cycle tests were carried out with 95% H2–5% CH4 and 80% H2–20% CH4 fuel mixtures at 900 °C with a constant current of 1 A. At low methane concentration, the decrease in the IP‐SOFC voltage was observed after operating nine current load cycles (384 h). At higher methane concentration, the voltage of IP‐SOFC decreased by almost 30% just after one current load cycle (48 h) due to faster carbon deposition. So future work is therefore required to identify viable alternative materials and optimum operating conditions.
CitationDirect Operation of IP-Solid Oxide Fuel Cell with Hydrogen and Methane Fuel Mixtures under Current Load Cycle Operating Condition 2014, 14 (2):231 Fuel Cells