Welcome to WIRE
(Wolverhampton Intellectual Repository and E-Theses)
WIRE is an open access repository for the research publications and other outputs from postgraduate students and staff at the University of Wolverhampton.
Wolverhampton staff: to deposit your publication to WIRE, go to: https://www.wlv.ac.uk/lib/research/wire/
Use the search box above or the browse function on the left to discover publications from the research community at the University of Wolverhampton.
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Detecting semantic difference: a new model based on knowledge and collocational associationSemantic discrimination among concepts is a daily exercise for humans when using natural languages. For example, given the words, airplane and car, the word flying can easily be thought and used as an attribute to differentiate them. In this study, we propose a novel automatic approach to detect whether an attribute word represents the difference between two given words. We exploit a combination of knowledge-based and co-occurrence features (collocations) to capture the semantic difference between two words in relation to an attribute. The features are scores that are defined for each pair of words and an attribute, based on association measures, n-gram counts, word similarity, and Concept-Net relations. Based on these features we designed a system that run several experiments on a SemEval-2018 dataset. The experimental results indicate that the proposed model performs better, or at least comparable with, other systems evaluated on the same data for this task.
Clinical importance of the Mandalay spitting cobra (Naja mandalayensis) in Upper Myanmar – Bites, envenoming and ophthalmia© 2020 Elsevier Ltd Examination of 18 cobras brought to three hospitals in the Mandalay Region by patients bitten or spat at by them distinguished 3 monocled cobras (Naja kaouthia) and 15 Mandalay spitting cobras (N. mandalayensis), based on their morphological characteristics. We confirm and extend the known distributions and habitats of both N. mandalayensis and N. kaouthia in Upper Myanmar. Clinical symptoms of local and systemic envenoming by N. mandalayensis are described for the first time. These included local swelling, blistering and necrosis and life-threatening systemic neurotoxicity. More information is needed about the clinical phenotype and management of bites by N. mandalayensis, the commoner of the two cobras in Upper Myanmar. Since the current cobra antivenom manufactured in Myanmar has lower pre-clinical efficacy against N. mandalayensis than N. kaouthia, there is a need for more specific antivenom therapy.
The postdigital university: do we still need just a little of that human touch?An increasing body of literature considers the role of belonging and social connectivity in undergraduate student success. The core tenet of this research is that relationships are crucial to the development of a sense of belonging. However, within the Higher Education (HE) sector, our processes, and therefore how we interact with students, are becoming more and more automated. None more so than during the Covid-19 pandemic and the ‘new normal’ in HE. This paper considers how we, as a profession, might support each student’s developing sense of belonging within a sector that is shifting towards increased digitalisation. This is achieved through considering the political agenda that drives the creation of digital education and some of the assumptions that underpin the movement towards it. As a result, a theoretical platform is created to consider the areas where digitisation impacts on teaching staff, and on students, and how this relates to each student’s sense of belonging within HE. The inclusion of two case studies has provided the opportunity to answer two key questions: 1) What is important to students developing a personal sense of belonging in HE during their first few weeks in a University? 2) How can the differentiated human touch be provided by ‘third space’ professionals both in person and virtually?
Growth, maturation and overuse injuries in dance and aesthetic sports: a systematic reviewOveruse injuries have higher prevalence than acute injuries in aesthetic sports/activities. However, evidence of their effects and/or relationship with growth, maturation and training load is either equivocal or not well-established. The objective was to investigate the effects and/or associations of: a) growth and maturation as well as b) training load, on overuse injuries in aesthetic sports/activities and dance. A database search was conducted, using standard methods for article identification, selection and risk of bias appraisal. The eligibility criteria consisted of peer-reviewed journals, using any type of study design that investigated the effects/associations between the aforementioned concepts. Twenty-three studies (10,146 participants) met the criteria. These studies were all of cross-sectional design, focusing on gymnastics, dance, diving. Overall, there was a positive association between growth, maturation, and overuse injuries in 19 studies. Six studies reported a positive association of training load and overuse injuries. This review showed inconsistency in how the included studies accounted for the important confounding associations of growth and maturation with overuse injuries in aesthetic sports or activities and in additional to that, showed high or unclear risk of bias. In conclusion, both the quantity and the quality of the research available on growth, maturation and training load with overuse injuries in aesthetic sports or activities is lacking. The available methodological approaches, combined with the heterogeneity of the investigated populations, lead to equivocal and thus, inconclusive evidence.