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AbstractThe authors reviewed the literature, published from 1970 through December 2009, on biomechanical research in dance. To identify articles, the authors used search engines, including PubMed and Web of Science, five previous review articles, the Dance Medicine and Science Bibliography, and reference lists of theses, dissertations, and articles being reviewed. Any dance research articles (English language) involving the use of electromyography, forceplates, motion analysis using photography, cinematography or videography, and/or physics analysis were included. A total of 89 papers, theses/dissertations, and abstracts were identified and reviewed, grouped by the movement concept or specialized movements being studied: alignment (n = 8), plié (8), relevé (8), passé (3), degagé (3), développé (7), rond de jambe (3), grand battement (4), arm movements (1), forward stepping (3), turns (6), elevation work (28), falls (1), and dance-specific motor strategies (6). Several recurring themes emerged from these studies: that elite dancers demonstrate different and superior motor strategies than novices or nondancers; that dancers perform differently when using a barre as opposed to without a barre, both in terms of muscle activation patterns and weight shift strategies; that while skilled dancers tend to be more consistent across multiple trials of a task, considerable variability is seen among participants, even when matched for background, years of training, body type, and other variables; and that dance teachers recommend methods of achieving movement skills that are inconsistent with optimal biomechanical function, as well as inconsistent with strategies employed by elite dancers. Measurement tools and the efficacy of study methodologies are also discussed.
CitationBiomechanical research in dance: a literature review. 2011, 26 (1):3-23 Med Probl Perform Art
PublisherScience & Medicine, Inc.
JournalMedical problems of performing artists
CollectionsSport, Exercise and Health Research Group
- Electromyographic analysis of grand-plié in ballet and modern dancers.
- Authors: Trepman E, Gellman RE, Micheli LJ, De Luca CJ
- Issue date: 1998 Dec
- Ankle biomechanics of ballet dancers in relevé en pointé dance.
- Authors: Lin CF, Su FC, Wu HW
- Issue date: 2005 Jan-Mar
- Gender and limb differences in healthy elite dancers: passé kinematics.
- Authors: Bronner S, Ojofeitimi S
- Issue date: 2006 Jan
- Influence of professional dance training on peak torque and proprioception at the ankle.
- Authors: Schmitt H, Kuni B, Sabo D
- Issue date: 2005 Sep
- Clinical anatomy and biomechanics of the ankle in dance.
- Authors: Russell JA, McEwan IM, Koutedakis Y, Wyon MA
- Issue date: 2008