Evaluation of a Picture-Based Test for the Assessment of Gelotophobia

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/621140
Title:
Evaluation of a Picture-Based Test for the Assessment of Gelotophobia
Authors:
Ruch, Willibald; Platt, Tracey ( 0000-0001-6628-7057 ) ; Bruntsch, Richard; Ďurka, Róbert
Abstract:
This study examines whether coding open answers in a picture-based test, as to the extent they reflect the fear of being laughed at (i.e., gelotophobia), demonstrates sufficient validity to construct a semi-projective test for the assessment of gelotophobia. Previous findings indicate that cartoon stimuli depicting laughter situations (i.e., in the pilot version of the Picture-Geloph; Ruch et al., 2009) on average elicit fear-typical responses in gelotophobes stronger than in non-gelotophobes. The present study aims to (a) develop a standardized scoring procedure based on a coding scheme, and (b) examine the properties of the pilot version of the Picture-Geloph in order to select the most acceptable items for a standard form of the test. For Study 1, a sample of N = 126 adults, with scores evenly distributed across the gelotophobia spectrum, completed the pilot version of the Picture-Geloph by noting down what they assumed the protagonist in each of 20 cartoons would say or think. Furthermore, participants answered the GELOPH<15> (Ruch and Proyer, 2008), the established questionnaire for the subjective assessment of the fear of being laughed at. Agreement between two independent raters indicated that the developed coding scheme allows for objective and reliable scoring of the Picture-Geloph (mean of intraclass correlations = 0.66). Nine items met the criteria employed to identify the psychometrically most reliable and valid items. These items were unidimensional and internally consistent (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.78). The total score of this selection (i.e., the Picture-Geloph<9>) discriminated significantly between non-fearful, slightly, markedly, and extremely fearful individuals; furthermore, it correlated sufficiently high (r = 0.66; rc = 0.79 when corrected for reliability of both measures) with the GELOPH<15>. Cronbach’s alpha (0.73) was largely comparable whereas the estimate of convergent validity was found to be lower in one (r = 0.50; rc = 0.61; N = 103) of the two samples in Study 2. Combining all three samples (N = 313) yielded a linear relationship between the self-report and the Picture-Geloph. With the Picture-Geloph<9> and the developed coding scheme, an unobtrusive and valid alternative instrument for the assessment of gelotophobia is provided. Possible applications are discussed.
Citation:
Evaluation of a Picture-Based Test for the Assessment of Gelotophobia 2017, 8 Frontiers in Psychology
Publisher:
Frontiers in Psychology
Journal:
Frontiers in Psychology: Personality and Social Psychology
Issue Date:
21-Nov-2017
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/621140
DOI:
10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02043
Additional Links:
http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02043/full
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Description:
Gold Open access
ISSN:
1664-1078
Appears in Collections:
Psychology

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorRuch, Willibalden
dc.contributor.authorPlatt, Traceyen
dc.contributor.authorBruntsch, Richarden
dc.contributor.authorĎurka, Róberten
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-27T09:54:47Z-
dc.date.available2018-02-27T09:54:47Z-
dc.date.issued2017-11-21-
dc.identifier.citationEvaluation of a Picture-Based Test for the Assessment of Gelotophobia 2017, 8 Frontiers in Psychologyen
dc.identifier.issn1664-1078en
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02043-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/621140-
dc.descriptionGold Open accessen
dc.description.abstractThis study examines whether coding open answers in a picture-based test, as to the extent they reflect the fear of being laughed at (i.e., gelotophobia), demonstrates sufficient validity to construct a semi-projective test for the assessment of gelotophobia. Previous findings indicate that cartoon stimuli depicting laughter situations (i.e., in the pilot version of the Picture-Geloph; Ruch et al., 2009) on average elicit fear-typical responses in gelotophobes stronger than in non-gelotophobes. The present study aims to (a) develop a standardized scoring procedure based on a coding scheme, and (b) examine the properties of the pilot version of the Picture-Geloph in order to select the most acceptable items for a standard form of the test. For Study 1, a sample of N = 126 adults, with scores evenly distributed across the gelotophobia spectrum, completed the pilot version of the Picture-Geloph by noting down what they assumed the protagonist in each of 20 cartoons would say or think. Furthermore, participants answered the GELOPH<15> (Ruch and Proyer, 2008), the established questionnaire for the subjective assessment of the fear of being laughed at. Agreement between two independent raters indicated that the developed coding scheme allows for objective and reliable scoring of the Picture-Geloph (mean of intraclass correlations = 0.66). Nine items met the criteria employed to identify the psychometrically most reliable and valid items. These items were unidimensional and internally consistent (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.78). The total score of this selection (i.e., the Picture-Geloph<9>) discriminated significantly between non-fearful, slightly, markedly, and extremely fearful individuals; furthermore, it correlated sufficiently high (r = 0.66; rc = 0.79 when corrected for reliability of both measures) with the GELOPH<15>. Cronbach’s alpha (0.73) was largely comparable whereas the estimate of convergent validity was found to be lower in one (r = 0.50; rc = 0.61; N = 103) of the two samples in Study 2. Combining all three samples (N = 313) yielded a linear relationship between the self-report and the Picture-Geloph. With the Picture-Geloph<9> and the developed coding scheme, an unobtrusive and valid alternative instrument for the assessment of gelotophobia is provided. Possible applications are discussed.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherFrontiers in Psychologyen
dc.relation.urlhttp://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02043/fullen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Frontiers in Psychologyen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectGelotophobiaen
dc.subjectfear of being laughed aten
dc.subjectpicture based testen
dc.titleEvaluation of a Picture-Based Test for the Assessment of Gelotophobiaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalFrontiers in Psychology: Personality and Social Psychologyen
dc.date.accepted2017-11-
rioxxterms.funderInternalen
rioxxterms.identifier.projectUoW270218TPen
rioxxterms.versionAOen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2018-02-27en
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