Broadening Humor: Comic Styles Differentially Tap into Temperament, Character, and Ability

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/621038
Title:
Broadening Humor: Comic Styles Differentially Tap into Temperament, Character, and Ability
Authors:
Ruch, Willibald; Heintz, Sonja; Platt, Tracey ( 0000-0001-6628-7057 ) ; Wagner, Lisa; Proyer, René T.
Abstract:
The present study introduces eight comic styles (i.e., fun, humor, nonsense, wit, irony, satire, sarcasm, and cynicism) and examines the validity of a set of 48 marker items for their assessment, the Comic Style Markers (CSM). These styles were originally developed to describe literary work and are used here to describe individual differences. Study 1 examines whether the eight styles can be distinguished empirically, in self- and other-reports, and in two languages. In different samples of altogether more than 1500 adult participants, the CSM was developed and evaluated with respect to internal consistency, homogeneity, test–retest reliability, factorial validity, and construct and criterion validity. Internal consistency was sufficiently high, and the median test-retest reliability over a period of 1–2 weeks was 0.86 (N = 148). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses showed that the eight styles could be distinguished in both English- (N = 303) and German-speaking samples (N = 1018 and 368). Comparing self- and other-reports (N = 210) supported both convergent and discriminant validity. The intercorrelations among the eight scales ranged from close to zero (between humor and sarcasm/cynicism) to large and positive (between sarcasm and cynicism). Consequently, second-order factor analyses revealed either two bipolar factors (based on ipsative data) or three unipolar factors (based on normative data). Study 2 related the CSM to instruments measuring personality (N = 999), intelligence (N = 214), and character strengths (N = 252), showing that (a) wit was the only style correlated with (verbal) intelligence, (b) fun was related to indicators of vitality and extraversion, (c) humor was related to character strengths of the heart, and (d) comic styles related to mock/ridicule (i.e., sarcasm, cynicism, but also irony) correlated negatively with character strengths of the virtues temperance, transcendence, and humanity. By contrast, satire had a moral goodness that was lacking in sarcasm and cynicism. Most importantly, the two studies revealed that humor might be related to a variety of character strengths depending on the comic style utilized, and that more styles may be distinguished than has been done in the past. The CSM is recommended for future explorations and refinements of comic styles.
Citation:
Broadening Humor: Comic Styles Differentially Tap into Temperament, Character, and Ability 2018, 9 Frontiers in Psychology
Publisher:
Frontiers in Psychology
Journal:
Frontiers in Psychology (Personality and Social Psychology)
Issue Date:
18-Jan-2018
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/621038
DOI:
10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00006
Additional Links:
http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00006/full
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1664-1078
Appears in Collections:
Psychology

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorRuch, Willibalden
dc.contributor.authorHeintz, Sonjaen
dc.contributor.authorPlatt, Traceyen
dc.contributor.authorWagner, Lisaen
dc.contributor.authorProyer, René T.en
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-18T14:36:57Z-
dc.date.available2018-01-18T14:36:57Z-
dc.date.issued2018-01-18-
dc.identifier.citationBroadening Humor: Comic Styles Differentially Tap into Temperament, Character, and Ability 2018, 9 Frontiers in Psychologyen
dc.identifier.issn1664-1078en
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00006-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/621038-
dc.description.abstractThe present study introduces eight comic styles (i.e., fun, humor, nonsense, wit, irony, satire, sarcasm, and cynicism) and examines the validity of a set of 48 marker items for their assessment, the Comic Style Markers (CSM). These styles were originally developed to describe literary work and are used here to describe individual differences. Study 1 examines whether the eight styles can be distinguished empirically, in self- and other-reports, and in two languages. In different samples of altogether more than 1500 adult participants, the CSM was developed and evaluated with respect to internal consistency, homogeneity, test–retest reliability, factorial validity, and construct and criterion validity. Internal consistency was sufficiently high, and the median test-retest reliability over a period of 1–2 weeks was 0.86 (N = 148). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses showed that the eight styles could be distinguished in both English- (N = 303) and German-speaking samples (N = 1018 and 368). Comparing self- and other-reports (N = 210) supported both convergent and discriminant validity. The intercorrelations among the eight scales ranged from close to zero (between humor and sarcasm/cynicism) to large and positive (between sarcasm and cynicism). Consequently, second-order factor analyses revealed either two bipolar factors (based on ipsative data) or three unipolar factors (based on normative data). Study 2 related the CSM to instruments measuring personality (N = 999), intelligence (N = 214), and character strengths (N = 252), showing that (a) wit was the only style correlated with (verbal) intelligence, (b) fun was related to indicators of vitality and extraversion, (c) humor was related to character strengths of the heart, and (d) comic styles related to mock/ridicule (i.e., sarcasm, cynicism, but also irony) correlated negatively with character strengths of the virtues temperance, transcendence, and humanity. By contrast, satire had a moral goodness that was lacking in sarcasm and cynicism. Most importantly, the two studies revealed that humor might be related to a variety of character strengths depending on the comic style utilized, and that more styles may be distinguished than has been done in the past. The CSM is recommended for future explorations and refinements of comic styles.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherFrontiers in Psychologyen
dc.relation.urlhttp://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00006/fullen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Frontiers in Psychologyen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectComic style markersen
dc.subjectCharacteren
dc.subjecttest constructionen
dc.titleBroadening Humor: Comic Styles Differentially Tap into Temperament, Character, and Abilityen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalFrontiers in Psychology (Personality and Social Psychology)en
dc.date.accepted2018-01-
rioxxterms.funderInternalen
rioxxterms.identifier.project180118TPen
rioxxterms.versionVoRen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/CC BY-NC-ND 4.0en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2018-01-18en
All Items in WIRE are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.