Welcome to WIRE

(Wolverhampton Intellectual Repository and E-Theses)

WIRE is an open access repository for the research publications and other outputs from postgraduate students and staff at the University of Wolverhampton.

Wolverhampton staff: to deposit your publication to WIRE, go to: https://www.wlv.ac.uk/lib/research/wire/

Use the search box above or the browse function on the left to discover publications from the research community at the University of Wolverhampton.

University students and staff can also search WIRE using LibrarySearch

For further information or help, contact the Scholarly Communications Team at wire@wlv.ac.uk

 

  • Key drivers for big data adoption in the Dominican Republic construction industry: an empirical study

    Reyes Veras, Paola; Renukappa, Suresh; Suresh, Subashini (Emerald, 2023-12-31)
    Construction methods have barely changed since the last industrial revolution, but new project requirements are subject to change every day. Including sustainability and new technologies that produce user and environmentally-friendly projects are now requirements in almost every country. Big Data (BD) is mainly characterised by improving the decision-making process through data analysis. Adopting BD in the construction industry is expected to positively impact efficiency in design and construction activities. However, it requires a change in the industry's culture and the adoption of digital approaches to be fully implemented. This paper addresses the key drivers for the adoption of BD in the construction industry of the Dominican Republic. Qualitative research was implemented to explore the topic due to the scarce information available. Twenty-one semi-structured interviews were analysed using thematic analysis. In some cases, the participants provided their point of view based on their experience with similar technologies such as BIM and IoT. The data analysis identified nine critical drivers, classified as internal and external. The internal drivers are knowledge of BD benefits to the organisation, impact on competitiveness, technology awareness, solution to company needs, organisation’s technology-driven culture and client requirements. Similarly, the internal drivers are industry motivation, regulatory framework, and technology change adaptability. This paper sheds light on the motivations behind adopting BD and helps to understand the industry's needs. It also delivers evidence on the need for improved training for present and future professionals focused on developing digital skills.
  • A survey of dental professionals’ opinions around the use of antibiotics in molar 3 extractions and dental implant placement

    Torof, Elham; Newton, Edward; Morrissey, Hana; Ball, Patrick (Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 2023-09-15)
    Aim. This survey was conducted to determine the type and frequency of antibiotics (AB) use for the prevention of infections in dental third molar (M3) extraction and implantation procedures (DIP) among UK dentists and the opinions underpinning their practice. Methods and design. Systematic reviews of the evidence were undertaken alongside this survey of practicing dentists in the United Kingdom to identify the opinions and practices of those undertaking the procedures. With ethical approval, a survey was designed for online delivery and was sent to every dental practitioner in the UK with a publicly available email address or social media contact. The opening page provided the project information sheet and proceeding to complete and submit the questionnaire was considered consent to participate. The online survey was circulated to 900 identified addresses and a total of 145 responses were received. Responses were collated in Microsoft® Excel™ and analyzed using IBM® SPSS™ plus thematic analysis of free text responses. Results. There were 42% of participants (n=61) who discouraged AB prophylactic use in M3 extractions in people with no systemic conditions and who also preferred postoperative AB use when required. Where, 57.9% of respondents (n=84) supported the short-term use of ABs (5-7 days) for M3 extraction and 53% (n=77) in DIP placement in patients with no relevant medical history. As an ad hoc finding, dentists reported on the negative impact of heavy smoking and oral parafunctional behavior on DIP success. Conclusion. The use of antibiotics and broad spectrum antibiotics remains higher than current guidelines would recommend. Further research is required to clarify the specific risks arising from underlying medical conditions to further clarify where prophylaxis is required.
  • Working with and embracing difference

    Jones, Jenni (Coach Magazine Global, 2023-09-01)
  • Mind the gap – a comparative analysis of (in-)congruences in HRD role perception

    Lundgren, Henriette; Stewart, Jim; Kah, Sally; Jones, Jenni; Poell, Rob F.; Hamlin, Robert; Scully-Russ, Ellen (Routledge, 2023-08-29)
    Inspired by role conceptualisations and calls to rethink and reshape activities and competences of professionally qualified HRD practitioners, we examine HRD’s role and its associated activities through established versions of role theory. We ask: To what extent is there congruence in role expectations of HRD practitioners and other stakeholders? We study this question by interviewing 71 HRD practitioners and non-HRD managers across 16 organisations in three countries (US/UK/NL) and by analysing their responses on HRD role expectations and perceptions, congruences and incongruences. We map our findings on a 2 × 2 matrix and find that only a small number of organisations see professional HRD practitioners as strategic partners; most organisations find themselves within a more operational HRD role definition, or somewhere ‘on the fence’, with mixed ideas of role perceptions. Yet, a few organisations struggle to find alignment on HRD’s strategic aspirations and how those play out in practice. While our findings highlight the progress that HRD practice has made towards strategic partnership, we conclude that many HRD practitioners struggle to gain a seat at the table. We close our paper by discussing implications for HRD practice and scholarship.
  • How well is HRD meeting the needs of those it is intending to serve? From diffusion to confusion

    Jones, Jenni; Kah, Sally (University Forum for Human Resource Development and the World Federation of People Management Associations, 2022-11-01)
    Human Resource Development (HRD) is broadly concerned with individual and organisational learning and development. However, it is unclear how well HRD is meeting the needs of those it intends to serve and how key stakeholders (i.e. HRD professionals, managers, employees) perceive this function in organisations. Underpinned by stakeholder theory, this study explored the perception of the HRD function from the perspectives of employees, managers, and HRD professionals in UK public and private sector organisations. Qualitative semi-structured interviews with 30 participants across six organisations provided insights into the perceived role of HRD professionals. Employees and managers acknowledged HRD as a central focus for learning and development, but the HRD function is not perceived as strategic. HRD professionals, on the other hand, claimed that they have a strategic influence and add value through the employee life cycle. The differing views are centred on the perceived value, positioning, and responsiveness of the HRD role. Thus, a framework is developed to illustrate the tensions between HRD professionals and other critical stakeholders. Previous studies have provided extensive evidence of HRD's role and function. This study provides insights from the internal stakeholders on how HRD professionals and the HRD function meet their needs.

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