Welcome to WIRE

(Wolverhampton Intellectual Repository and E-Theses)

WIRE is an open access repository for the research publications and other outputs from postgraduate students and staff at the University of Wolverhampton.

Wolverhampton staff: to deposit your publication to WIRE, go to: https://www.wlv.ac.uk/lib/research/wire/

Use the search box above or the browse function on the left to discover publications from the research community at the University of Wolverhampton.

University students and staff can also search WIRE using LibrarySearch

For further information or help, contact the Scholarly Communications Team at wire@wlv.ac.uk

 

  • Investigating the likely impact of new public management on human resource managers and academic lecturers in the Saudi Arabian higher education sector

    Ali, Shaukat; Iafrati, Stephen; Alhammami, Naser; Management Research Centre, University of Wolverhampton Business School, Faculty of Arts, Business and Social Sciences (University of Wolverhampton, 2022-03)
    Since the 1980s, new public management (NPM) has been considered the dominant model of public management. The model has many elements that have been adopted from different countries around the world, in particular Western countries, to reform their public sector organisations. This research examines four main models of NPM and extracts the common and most influential elements (e.g., decentralisation and empowerment) to build the theoretical framework for this research. Using this framework, the study investigates the implementation of aspects of the NPM model in a non-Western context, namely the higher education sector of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Saudi Arabia is undergoing historic transformation since 2016, including the launch of the country's largest economic reform plan to date- Vision 2030. This plan aims to reduce the dependence on oil revenues and to enhance the role of the public and private sectors in the Saudi economy. The Vision aims also to modernise its public sector administrative model. This research investigates the likely impact of NPM-oriented public sector reforms on the Saudi HE sectors. The research takes the form of qualitative case studies. Five public universities were selected to represent the five geographical regions of the country. Data was collected using semi-structured interviews. Using an interpretive lens, the researcher explored the multiple interpretations, different meanings and experiences of the participants regarding the research issues. NVivo software was used in the coding and classification of the data. Content analysis helped with the analysis of the huge number of texts and identification of the patterns and relationships among the five cases. The results indicate that the Saudi HE sector has several managerial problems such as strict centralisation, lack of empowerment, participation and competition, which appear to have put pressure on the government to launch its reform agenda. The Vision 2030 has led to many positive effects, including the autonomy of three universities and the issuance of new civil performance measurement. From the research findings, the NPM model is unlikely to be applicable in Saudi Arabia due to the revealed challenges such as the prevalence of the central style, weak empowerment and participation. The working conditions of the Saudi public employees, such as job security, workload, work pressure, and salary, are expected negatively impact the applicability and implementation of NPM tenets in Saudi Arabia. This research contributes to the study of NPM reforms, and sheds new light on its applicability in the HE sector in a non-Western, nondemocratic context.
  • When classrooms aren't an option: Researching mobile language learning through disruption

    Smith, Matt; Scott, Howard; Traxler, John; Reinders, Hayo; Lai, Chun; Sundqvist, Pia (Routledge, 2022-05-31)
    This chapter seeks to, first, survey the research field of language learning during disruptions and crises, such as occupation, the COVID-19 pandemic and other areas of education-in-emergency situations, when working and researching outside the classroom is the only option. Second, it discusses the methodological challenges faced by researchers in these areas, and offers practical suggestions for helping researchers develop effective tools and techniques that are specifically designed to investigate language learning in mobile contexts and environments, and to do research with individuals, communities and cultures – social and educational – that can be categorised as different and divergent from established mainstream Global Northern contexts. We draw upon a current research project in Palestine, based on Erasmus+ work on language learning, to highlight some of these issues and demonstrate some of the methods we discuss being used in an authentic research situation to support out-of-class language learning.
  • Postdigital ecopedagogies of attainment and progress

    Hayes, Sarah L; Jandrić, Petar; Ford, Derek R. (Springer, 2022-05-22)
    Human attainment is based on a particular model of chronological achievements. People and society are assessed in terms of making progress towards ‘something better’. This approach through modernity sees technology treated as a resource to harness for gain regardless of environmental costs. In education, this linear progress model is mirrored: accessing learning, completing study in a timeframe, attaining an award and progress beyond education. Though Covid-19 has interrupted these components of ‘success’, a consensus that children, students, workers and the economy all need to ‘catch up’ after the pandemic exists, even when people are not catching up from an equal positionality. In this competitive, neoliberal progress model attempts to widen participation in education have only had limited success. Additionally, new convergences between digitalisation and biological sciences now provide a broader world view on relations between technologies, progress and humans (Peters, et. al. 2021). This chapter examines the possible ‘demise of a model of progress based on the old system of arranging living forms into a linear hierarchy’ (Bowler 2021: vii). It reviews related assumptions, and considers implications for ecopedagogies of attainment, when unpredictable developments in technology now begin to alter how we might understand progress itself.
  • Abiraterone acetate plus prednisolone for metastatic patients starting hormone therapy: 5‐year follow‐up results from the STAMPEDE randomised trial (NCT00268476)

    James, Nicholas D; Clarke, Noel W; Cook, Adrian; Ali, Adnan; Hoyle, Alex P; Attard, Gert; Brawley, Chris D; Chowdhury, Simon; Cross, William R; Dearnaley, David P; et al. (Wiley, 2022-04-12)
    Abiraterone acetate plus prednisolone (AAP) previously demonstrated improved survival in STAMPEDE, a multi-arm, multi-stage platform trial in men starting long-term hormone therapy for prostate cancer. This long-term analysis in metastatic patients was planned for 3 yrs after the first results. Standard-of-care (SOC) was androgen deprivation therapy. The comparison randomized patients 1:1 to SOC-alone with or without daily abiraterone acetate 1000 mg + prednisolone 5 mg (SOC + AAP), continued until disease progression. The primary outcome measure was overall survival. Metastatic disease risk group was classified retrospectively using baseline CT and bone scans by central radiological review and pathology reports. Analyses used Cox proportional hazards & flexible parametric models, adjusted for baseline stratification factors. 1003 patients were contemporaneously randomized (Nov-2011--Jan-2014): median age 67 yr; 94% newly-diagnosed; metastatic disease risk group: 48% high, 44% low, 8% un-assessable; median PSA 97 ng/mL. At 6.1 yr median follow-up, 329 SOC-alone deaths (118 low-risk, 178 high-risk) and 244 SOC + AAP deaths (75 low-risk, 145 high-risk) were reported. Adjusted HR = 0·60 (95%CI:0·50—0·71; P = 0.31x10−9) favoured SOC + AAP, with 5-yr survival improved from 41% SOC-alone to 60% SOC + AAP. This was similar in low-risk (HR = 0·55; 95%CI:0·41—0·76) and high-risk (HR = 0·54; 95%CI:0·43—0·69) patients. Median and current maximum time on SOC + AAP was 2.4 yr and 8.1 yr. Toxicity at 4 yr post-randomisation was similar, with 16% patients in each group reporting grade 3 or higher toxicity. A sustained and substantial improvement in overall survival of all metastatic prostate cancer patients was achieved with SOC + abiraterone acetate + prednisolone, irrespective of metastatic disease risk group.
  • Unmanned aerial system integration for monitoring and management of landslide: A case of Dominican Republic

    Reynoso Vanderhorst, Hamlet (International Association for Automation and Robotics in Construction, 2021-11-02)
    The Unmanned Aerial System (UAS), Aerial Robot or Drone has been a multi-purpose tool for professionals, especially for its unknown versatile applications and regardless of its challenges in adoption. In the built environment and the current global situation, the topic of disaster management has grabbed attention from the scientific community, raising questions of cyberspace linking the COVID-19. As a result, the case study shows how UAS is used to evaluate the landslide provoked as cascading effect of a bridge site construction and the digital data required to feed in 2D and 3D a database of urban planning development. The findings reveal that the application of UAS reduced physical inspections, allowed professionals to obtain inaccessible data, and helped to overview the site conditions identifying the cause of the phenomenon. A safety design factor of the critical building of the school in the community to mitigate the landslide hazards at Santa Maria, Dominican Republic was recommended. Future works in 360°evaluation for similar cases in construction are recommended.

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