Now showing items 1-20 of 3877

    • Assessment of Energy Consumption Pattern and Energy Conservation Potential at Indian Airports

      Malik, Kanika (Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia, 2017-11-24)
      With the growing energy crisis, the need to conserve and manage energy resources in a responsible manner is being increasingly felt by different sectors of the economy. India’s civil aviation industry is on a high-growth trajectory. India aims to become the third-largest aviation market by 2020 and the largest by 2030. The rise in the energy needs of airports to satisfy this demand has led to great concerns about the environmental impact of the aviation industry. Long term sustainability of airports is getting more important in this scenario. As demand for air travel continues to grow, aviation’s environmental impacts need to be addressed while continuing to maximize its social and economic benefits. This paper presents the problem of high energy consumption in the aviation sector by analysing the energy consumption data of three Indian airports in the composite climatic zone of India and the imperative need to design energy efficient airports. Data was collected from energy audits, which were conducted over a period of one year. The collected information was used to perform an analysis for assessing specific measures to reduce energy use at the passenger terminal building (PTB) and to identify possible actions for improving the airport performance.
    • Identifying and Addressing Critical Issues in the Indian Construction Industry: Perspectives of Large Building Construction Clients

      Loganathan, Santhosh; Srinath, Purushothaman; Mohan, Kumaraswamy; Kalidindi, Satyanarayana; Varghese, Koshy (Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia, 2017-11-24)
      The Indian construction industry faces increasing challenges amidst serious performance shortfalls. Confronting similar issues in past decades, other countries such as the UK, USA, and Singapore commissioned high-powered studies and set up industry development bodies to address their own priorities. Initiatives in other countries are briefly reviewed before outlining the launch of the “Construction Industry Improvement Initiative India” (Ci3 India) that aims to address our own challenges. This paper focuses on identifying and launching a platform to address the current and imminent critical issues in the Indian Construction Industry. Nineteen critical issues were identified, verified, and validated through four focus group sessions at two Regional Roundtables with 54 high calibre large building construction clients, academicians, and other invited experts. The identified issues were consolidated to 10 Action Items. Seven Action Teams were then mobilized to work on the 10 Action Items. Having consolidated a base consensus of clients on the way forward, it was also proposed to develop a “Construction Clients’ Charter” that will set out basic principles, protocols, and targeted good practices by lead clients, who by voluntarily agreeing and implementing these together, could catalyse significant industry improvements.
    • The Challenges in Researching the Relationship Between Physical Attractiveness and Altruism Using Economic Games

      Bhogal, Manpal Singh; Galbraith, Niall; Manktelow, Ken (Sage, 2018-01-31)
      This case study is based on a portion of my PhD research exploring the relationship between physical attractiveness and altruistic behavior. Much of the previous literature exploring these variables has been conducted via computer simulations, using facial images and vignettes. I conducted three studies exploring the relationship between physical attractiveness and altruistic behavior among real people in a laboratory setting using economic games. It was hypothesized that people would be more altruistic toward those they considered attractive. The findings yielded consistent null results. This case study reports the factors that influenced my findings and the decisions made when designing each study.
    • A Research Note on the Influence of Relationship Length and Sex on Preferences for Altruistic and Cooperative Mates

      Bhogal, Manpal Singh; Galbraith, Niall; Manktelow, Ken (Sage, 2018-04-04)
      Previous literature suggests that altruism may have evolved as a sexually selectable trait. Recent research suggests that women seek altruistic traits for long-term, not short-term relationships, as altruism can serve as an honest signal of one’s character. We tested this hypothesis by asking 102 participants to complete a modified version of Buss’s Mate Preferences Questionnaire. We found that women placed higher importance on altruism in a mate compared to men, and this preference was greater when seeking a long-term mate, compared to a short-term mate. We also found that although women placed greater importance on cooperativeness in a mate compared to men, this preference was not influenced by whether they were seeking a short-term or a long-term mate. We successfully replicate previous literature exploring the role of altruism in mate choice.
    • Perpetrating Cyber Dating Abuse: A Brief Report on the Role of Aggression, Romantic Jealousy and Gender

      Deans, Heather; Bhogal, Manpal Singh (Springer, 2017-10-25)
      There is increasing evidence that the use of elec-tronic communication technology (ECT) is being integrated into romantic relationships, which can be used as a medium to control a romantic partner. Most research focuses on the vic-tims of cyber dating abuse, however, we focused on the factors that predict perpetration of cyber dating abuse. We explored whether aggression (verbal aggression, physical aggression, anger and hostility), romantic jealousy (emotional, cognitive and behavioral jealousy), and gender predicted perpetration of cyber dating abuse (n = 189). We found that hostility, behav-ioral jealousy and gender significantly predicted perpetration of cyber dating abuse. The findings of this study contribute to our understanding of the psychological factors that drive cyber dating abuse in romantic relationships.
    • Mean girls: Provocative clothing leads to intra-sexual competition between females

      Keys, Eleanor; Bhogal, Manpal Singh (Springer, 2016-12-10)
      This study aimed to investigate indirect aggression between females from an evolutionary perspective, considering indirect aggression as a mechanism of intra-sexual competition. Previous research suggests that females who are dressed provocatively, or appear ‘sexually available’, are more likely to be victims of indirect aggression from other females. Investigating this notion via an empirical measure and a word-selection task, this study involved a female confederate posing as a participant, who was dressed provocatively in one condition and conservatively in the other. Sixty-five females completed an intra-sexual competition scale and a word selection task in which they were able to select complimentary or derogatory phrases to describe the confederate. Making derogative comments is a common form of indirect aggression; therefore, those who selected derogatory phrases could be considered to be exhibiting indirect aggression. Consistent with our hypotheses, participants in the provocative condition obtained significantly higher intra-sexual competition scores and selected more derogatory words than those in the conservative condition, indicating that females dressed provocatively are indirectly aggressed against to a greater extent than those that are not. This paper adds further support to the notion that indirect aggression is used by females as a method of intra-sexual competition, particularly towards provocatively dressed females.
    • Do the Dark Triad and Self-Perceived Mate Value Predict Intention to Mate Poach?

      Erik, Ezgi; Bhogal, Manpal Singh (Human Behavior and Evolution Society of Japan, 2016-07-13)
      Although much research has been conducted on the psychology of mate poaching, little research has been conducted on the factors that predict intention to mate poach, particularly from the perspective of the poacher. Although some research has paid attention to the role of the dark triad in mate poaching, no research, to our knowledge, has explored the relationship between self-perceived mate value and intention to mate poach. We explored the role of the dark triad (Machiavellianism, narcissism and psychopathy), self-perceived mate value, and sex on one’s intention to mate poach, in 82 participants from Coventry University. We find that psychopathy was the only trait to significantly predict intention to mate poach, suggesting those who scored higher on psychopathy were more likely to mate poach. Furthermore, we find that self-perceived mate value significantly predicted intention to mate poach, suggesting those who perceive themselves as having a high mate value are likely to engage in mate poaching, which is a novel finding.
    • The Influence of Aggressiveness on Rape-Myth Acceptance among University Students

      Bhogal, Manpal Singh; Corbett, Stacey (Taylor and Francis, 2016-02-11)
      The detrimental effects of rape are well established. In order to support victims of rape in reporting sexual assault, the factors which predict rape myths need to be investigated. Aggression has been linked to sexual violence, but little is known about the role of aggressive behaviour in rape-myth acceptance. The present study aimed to investigate whether rape myths could be predicted by verbal aggression, physical aggression, hostility, anger or sex in a sample of 121 participants. A regression analysis found that an individual’s sex and self-reported physical aggression significantly predicted rape-myth acceptance.
    • The roles of altruism, heroism, and physical attractiveness in female mate choice

      Bhogal, Manpal Singh; Margana, Lacey; Bartlett, James E.; Farrelly, Daniel (Elsevier, 2018-08-25)
      The role of prosocial behaviour in female mate choice has been extensively explored, focusing on the desirability of altruism in potential mates, as well as altruism being a mating signal. However, little research has focused on the desirability of heroism and altruism in potential partners. Furthermore, the synergistic effect of attractiveness on the desirability of prosocial behavior has only recently been explored, and to our knowledge, has not been explored in relation to the desirability of heroism in a romantic partner. We explored the effect of prosociality and attractiveness on female desirability ratings (n =198), and whether desirability was influenced by whether women were seeking a short-term or long-term relationship. We find that women are attracted to men who display heroism and altruism, and this preference is higher when the male is attractive compared to unattractive. Furthermore, preferences for prosocial traits were higher when seeking a long-term compared to a short-term partner. Our findings add to the literature on prosocial behaviour and mate choice. Data and materials [Open Science Framework Project A76P8].
    • Three-dimensional printing of PLA and PLA/PHA dumbbell-shaped specimens of crisscross and transverse patterns as promising materials in emerging application areas: Prediction study

      Gonzalez Ausejo, Jennifer; Rydz, Joanna; Musioł, Marta; Sikorska, Wanda; Janeczek, Henryk; Sobata, Michał; Włodarczyk, Jakub; Szeluga, Urszula; Hercog, Anna; Kowalczuk, Marek (Elsevier, 2018-08-18)
      This paper presents ex-ante examination of advanced polymer materials to detect defects and define and minimize the potential failure of novel polymer products before they arise. The effect of build directions on the properties of dumbbell-shaped specimens obtained by three-dimensional printing from polylactide and polylactide/polyhydroxyalkanoate commercial filaments was investigated, as well as the hydrolytic degradation of these specimens at 50 ºC and 70 ºC. Taking into account previous studies, we have found further dependences of the properties of 3D printed species before and during abiotic degradation from the orientation of printing. The initial assumption that only the contact time with the 3D printer platform leads to an increase in the crystalline phase during printing turned out to be insufficient. Further investigations of individual parts of the dumbbell-shaped specimens showed that the size of the specimens’ surface in contact with the platform also affected the structural ordering of the material.
    • Over 100,000 posters: the unprecedented commercialism of the 1966 World Cup in England

      Williams, Jean (Bloomsbury Visual Arts, 2018-10-04)
      The world's most popular sport, soccer, has long been celebrated as “the beautiful game” for its artistry and aesthetic appeal. Picturing the Beautiful Game: A History of Soccer in Visual Culture and Art is the first collection to examine the rich visual culture of soccer, including the fine arts, design, and mass media. Covering a range of topics related to the game's imagery, this volume investigates the ways soccer has been promoted, commemorated, and contested in visual terms. Throughout various mediums and formats-including illustrated newspapers, modern posters, and contemporary artworks-soccer has come to represent issues relating to identity, politics, and globalization. As the contributors to this collection suggest, these representations of the game reflect society and soccer's place in our collective imagination. Perspectives from a range of fields including art history, sociology, sport history, and media studies enrich the volume, affording a multifaceted visual history of the beautiful game.
    • Atmin mediates kidney morphogenesis by modulating Wnt signaling

      Goggolidou, P.; Hadjirin, N.F.; Bak, A.; Papakrivopoulou, E.; Hilton, H.; Norris, D.P.; Dean, C.H. (Oxford University Press, 2018-10-15)
      The DNA damage protein and transcription factor Atmin (Asciz) is required for both lung tubulogenesis and ciliogenesis. Like the lungs, kidneys contain a tubular network that is critical for their function and in addition, renal ciliary dysfunction has been implicated in the pathogenesis of cystic kidney disease. Using the Atmin mouse mutant Gasping6 (Gpg6), we investigated kidney development and found it severely disrupted with reduced branching morphogenesis, resulting in fewer epithelial structures being formed. Unexpectedly, transcriptional levels of key cilia associated genes were not altered in Atmin(Gpg6/Gpg6) kidneys. Instead, Gpg6 homozygous kidneys exhibited altered cytoskeletal organization and modulation of Wnt signaling pathway molecules, including β-catenin and non-canonical Wnt/planar cell polarity (PCP) pathway factors, such as Daam2 and Vangl2. Wnt signaling is important for kidney development and perturbation of Wnt signaling pathways can result in cystic, and other, renal abnormalities. In common with other PCP pathway mutants, Atmin(Gpg6/Gpg6) mice displayed a shortened rostral-caudal axis and mis-oriented cell division. Moreover, intercrosses between Atmin(Gpg6/+) and Vangl2(Lp/+) mice revealed a genetic interaction between Atmin and Vangl2. Thus we show for the first time that Atmin is critical for normal kidney development and we present evidence that mechanistically, Atmin modifies Wnt signaling pathways, specifically placing it as a novel effector molecule in the non-canonical Wnt/PCP pathway. The identification of a novel modulator of Wnt signaling has important implications for understanding the pathobiology of renal disease.
    • An automatic method for extracting citations from Google Books

      Kousha, Kayvan; Thelwall, Mike (Wiley, 2014-05)
      Recent studies have shown that counting citations from books can help scholarly impact assessment and that Google Books (GB) is a useful source of such citation counts, despite its lack of a public citation index. Searching GB for citations produces approximate matches, however, and so its raw results need time‐consuming human filtering. In response, this article introduces a method to automatically remove false and irrelevant matches from GB citation searches in addition to introducing refinements to a previous GB manual citation extraction method. The method was evaluated by manual checking of sampled GB results and comparing citations to about 14,500 monographs in the Thomson Reuters Book Citation Index (BKCI) against automatically extracted citations from GB across 24 subject areas. GB citations were 103% to 137% as numerous as BKCI citations in the humanities, except for tourism (72%) and linguistics (91%), 46% to 85% in social sciences, but only 8% to 53% in the sciences. In all cases, however, GB had substantially more citing books than did BKCI, with BKCI's results coming predominantly from journal articles. Moderate correlations between the GB and BKCI citation counts in social sciences and humanities, with most BKCI results coming from journal articles rather than books, suggests that they could measure the different aspects of impact, however.
    • Primary teachers’ perspectives on implementing the inclusion agenda

      Brown, Zeta (Routledge, 2016-04)
      Inclusion in primary education is seen as an ideological concept where mainstream educated children in the UK will one day be included in every aspect of the schooling experience. The chapter suggests that inclusion is not the only priority agenda and investigates how it can be practically implemented alongside the government-imposed standards agenda. The author offers a historical account of the simultaneous development of these agendas, including the implementation of the National Curriculum, SATs and league tables. In the second section the author details findings from her recent study and suggests that standards objectives dominate the inclusion agenda in primary schools, and that inclusion is limited to focusing on children with Special Educational Needs.
    • The complexities of childhood resilience

      Brown, Zeta; Daly, Jayne (Routledge, 2017-07)
    • A flexible framework for collocation retrieval and translation from parallel and comparable corpora

      Rivera, Oscar Mendoza; Mitkov, Ruslan; Corpas Pastor, Gloria (John Benjamins, 2018)
      This paper outlines a methodology and a system for collocation retrieval and translation from parallel and comparable corpora. The methodology was developed with translators and language learners in mind. It is based on a phraseology framework, applies statistical techniques, and employs source tools and online resources. The collocation retrieval and translation has proved successful for English and Spanish and can be easily adapted to other languages. The evaluation results are promising and future goals are proposed. Furthermore, conclusions are drawn on the nature of comparable corpora and how they can be better exploited to suit particular needs of target users.
    • Cultural cues and behavioural patterns in stress dynamics: a case of the construction industry

      Hampton, Paul; Chinyio, Ezekiel; Riva, Silvia (Marketing Aumentado, 2018)
      Critical factors underpinning stress development in the Construction Industry were investigated in an ethnographic study. Data were collected from three construction organizations in the UK and analysed by content analysis. The results show the pivotal importance of interpersonal relationships to coping with the uncertainty of working conditions, coordination of activities involving teamwork and managing responsibilities and power interactions. The study underlines the importance of dedicated services for stress management and specific trainingrelated abilities devoted to reinforcing positive dynamics between persons and organizations. In particular, these related to managing the impacts of stress on physical status, interpersonal relationships, work performance, and emotional well-being. Communication systems, tools and software and their application were also claimed to have been carefully implemented as effective stress deterrents in the management of daily routine activities.
    • The effects of low-volume, high-intensity training on performance parameters in competitive youth swimmers

      Nugent, Frank; Comyns, Thomas; Nevill, Alan; Warrington, Giles D. (Human Kinetics Publishers, Inc, 2018)
      Purpose: To assess the effects of a 7 week low-volume, high-intensity training (HIT) intervention on performance parameters in national level youth swimmers. Methods: Sixteen swimmers (age 15.8 ± 1.0 years, age at peak height velocity 12.9 ± 0.6 years, 100-m freestyle 61.4 ± 4.1 s) were randomly assigned to a HIT group or low-intensity, high-volume training (HVT) group which acted as a control. The HIT group reduced their weekly training volume of zone 1 (low-intensity) training by 50% but increased zone 3 (high-intensity) training by 200%. The HVT group performed training as normal. Pre to post-test measures of physiological performance (velocity at 2.5-mM and 4-mM blood lactate [velocity2.5mM and velocity4mM] and peak blood lactate), biomechanical performance (stroke rate [SR], stroke length [SL] and stroke index [SI] over a 50 and 400-m freestyle) and swimming performance (50-m, 200-m and 400-m freestyle) were assessed. Results: There was no significant three-way interactions between time, group and sex for all performance parameters (P >.05). There was a significant two-way interaction between time and group for velocity4mM (P = .02, ηp2 = .40), SL50 (P = .03, ηp2 = .37) and SI50 (P = .03, ηp2 = .39). Velocity4mM decreased in the HIT group but increased in the HVT group while SL50 and SI50 decreased in the HVT group. Conclusions: A 7 week HIT intervention was neither beneficial nor detrimental to performance parameters however the HIT group completed 6 hours (17.0-km) swimming per week compared to 12 hours (33.4-km) per week for the HVT group.
    • Mate value discrepancy and attachment anxiety predict the perpetration of digital dating abuse

      Bhogal, Manpal Singh; Howman, Jessica M. (Springer, 2018-09-13)
      Research suggests that individual differences in attachment style predict the perpetration of digital dating abuse. In addition to attachment style, no research, to our knowledge, has explored the role of mate value in the perpetration of digital dating abuse. In this paper, we argue that digital dating abuse is a contemporary cost-inflicting mate retention behaviour, where larger mate value discrepancies between partners are associated with higher levels of digital dating abuse (n = 167). As expected, high mate value discrepancy and attachment anxiety were associated with high levels of digital dating abuse. We provide novel support for the relationship between mate value discrepancy and digital dating abuse. Our findings provide support for additional, unexplored factors which lead to the perpetration of digital dating abuse
    • Management of construction waste in nuclear and thermal power plant projects in India

      Seethapathy, Sathiyamurthy; Henderson, Jane Helena (2017-11)
      Waste in construction is important both from the perspective of productivity and from environmental considerations. Mostly actual quantum of waste generation exceeds the percentage envisaged initially, causing needless utilization of both natural and human resources. It is understood from project and construction managers during site survey that there is plenty of scope for enhancing project productivity simply by minimizing waste out of construction and also saving the cost as well as extraction of natural resources. This paper attempts to identify the causes towards generation of waste of different types of building materials during various stages of construction in different power plant projects in India. Subsequent to identification, methods are proposed to mitigate the generation of construction wastes by adopting appropriate construction and management checks and methods, which allow waste reduction. The use of various building materials in different types of projects has different impact on the amount of waste generation, environment, and cost. Research data were gathered from the analysis of five power plant projects under construction or already completed in different states in India. The causes of such occurrences of each item and details have been analysed from the questionnaire survey and the same was processed for normalizing, data cleaning, and reliability analysis done through SPSS. The result of the first questionnaire was used along with site inputs/factual data to project the tabulation of perception versus reality. Furthermore, a second questionnaire was initiated for the validation of the above using non parametric statistic test and suitable recommendations were given to reduce wastage. The research paper reveals the major root causes for material wastage in construction of power plant projects and proper awareness to be created to the relevant project team by training. The findings of this paper would help in enhancing project productivity during construction, cost savings to the extent of 1.667% to 1.941% of total project cost and minimizing the extraction of natural resources.