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dc.contributor.authorArmesilla, Angel Luis
dc.contributor.authorLorenzo, Elisa
dc.contributor.authorGómez del Arco, Pablo
dc.contributor.authorMartínez-Martínez, Sara
dc.contributor.authorAlfranca, Arantzazu
dc.contributor.authorRedondo, Juan Miguel
dc.date.accessioned2007-01-23T16:53:18Z
dc.date.available2007-01-23T16:53:18Z
dc.date.issued1999
dc.identifier.citationMolecular and Cellular Biology, 19(3): 2032-2043
dc.identifier.issn0270-7306
dc.identifier.pmid10022890
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/7704
dc.description.abstractVascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent angiogenic inducer that stimulates the expression of tissue factor (TF), the major cellular initiator of blood coagulation. Here we show that signaling triggered by VEGF induced DNA-binding and transcriptional activities of nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) and AP-1 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). VEGF also induced TF mRNA expression and gene promoter activation by a cyclosporin A (CsA)-sensitive mechanism. As in lymphoid cells, NFAT was dephosphorylated and translocated to the nucleus upon activation of HUVECs, and these processes were blocked by CsA. NFAT was involved in the VEGF-mediated TF promoter activation as evidenced by cotransfection experiments with a dominant negative version of NFAT and site-directed mutagenesis of a newly identified NFAT site within the TF promoter that overlaps with a previously identified kappaB-like site. Strikingly, this site bound exclusively NFAT not only from nuclear extracts of HUVECs activated by VEGF, a stimulus that failed to induce NF-kappaB-binding activity, but also from extracts of cells activated with phorbol esters and calcium ionophore, a combination of stimuli that triggered the simultaneous activation of NFAT and NF-kappaB. These results implicate NFAT in the regulation of endothelial genes by physiological means and shed light on the mechanisms that switch on the gene expression program induced by VEGF and those regulating TF gene expression.
dc.format.extent2781641 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/picrender.fcgi?artid=83996&blobtype=pdf
dc.subjectGene Expression
dc.subjectT-cell activation
dc.subjectVascular Endothelial Growth Factors
dc.subjectEndothelial Growth Factor
dc.subjectEndothelial Cells
dc.subjectTissue Factor
dc.titleVascular endothelial growth factor activates nuclear factor of activated T cells in human endothelial cells: a role for tissue factor gene expression.
dc.typeJournal article
dc.format.digYES
refterms.dateFOA2018-08-20T16:26:54Z
html.description.abstractVascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent angiogenic inducer that stimulates the expression of tissue factor (TF), the major cellular initiator of blood coagulation. Here we show that signaling triggered by VEGF induced DNA-binding and transcriptional activities of nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) and AP-1 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). VEGF also induced TF mRNA expression and gene promoter activation by a cyclosporin A (CsA)-sensitive mechanism. As in lymphoid cells, NFAT was dephosphorylated and translocated to the nucleus upon activation of HUVECs, and these processes were blocked by CsA. NFAT was involved in the VEGF-mediated TF promoter activation as evidenced by cotransfection experiments with a dominant negative version of NFAT and site-directed mutagenesis of a newly identified NFAT site within the TF promoter that overlaps with a previously identified kappaB-like site. Strikingly, this site bound exclusively NFAT not only from nuclear extracts of HUVECs activated by VEGF, a stimulus that failed to induce NF-kappaB-binding activity, but also from extracts of cells activated with phorbol esters and calcium ionophore, a combination of stimuli that triggered the simultaneous activation of NFAT and NF-kappaB. These results implicate NFAT in the regulation of endothelial genes by physiological means and shed light on the mechanisms that switch on the gene expression program induced by VEGF and those regulating TF gene expression.


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