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AuthorsLane, Andrew M.
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractSport and Exercise Psychology provides comprehensive coverage of key topics in sport and exercise psychology including the effectiveness of psychological skills training interventions, models for delivery and the development of research approaches studying the impact of psychological skills on performance. A number of specific chapters focus on key issues such as, mood, emotion, emotion regulation, coping, self-confidence, anxiety, imagery, performance profiling and leadership development in players and coaches. Exercise is typically linked to positive psychological states and three chapters review this effect. A chapter focuses on the influence of exercise on self-esteem while the next chapter looks at the use of music and a further chapter looks at dysfunctional effects including addictive states. A final chapter focuses on placebo effects addressing key issues in designing psychological interventions. The integrated and interactive approach, combined with the comprehensive coverage, make this book the ideal companion for courses in applied clinical psychology.
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Terrorism and Mental Illness: Is There A Relationship?Weatherston, David; Moran, Jonathan (Sage Publications, 2003)This article examines the connections between mental illness and terrorism. Most social scientists have discounted a causal relationship between mental illness and terrorism. This is not necessarily always the case within terrorism studies, the media, or political circles where the psychology of terrorism is often expressed in the language of mentalisms, and theories of pathologisation continue to exist. This article reaffirms the view that apart from certain pathological cases, there is no causal connection between an individual’s mental disorder and engagement in terrorist activity. The individual terrorist’s motivations can be explained by other factors, including behavioural psychology. However, there may be a connection between an individual engaging in terrorist activity and developing a mental disorder[s]. Certain stressors that occur because of terrorist activity may result in psychological disturbance in terrorist individuals. These factors may partially explain terrorist group instability and should be taken into account when detaining and interrogating terrorist suspects.
What do people really do at work? Job analysis and designWoods, Stephen A; Hinton, Danny (Wiley-Blackwell, 2017-05)What do people really do at work? Or to phrase the question differently, what is the content and nature of different jobs in organizations? What should people do in their respective jobs in order to deliver organizational strategy? This chapter introduces the means by which these questions are answered: job analysis. In this chapter, job analysis is defined, and its place within a number of wider organisational systems is explored. Following this, the distinction is drawn between two broad types of analysis: work-oriented and worker-oriented analysis in terms of their focus and the end products that they are used to generate. A number of both work- and worker-oriented methods for the collection of job analysis data are described, after which are considered some specific organisational contexts in which job analysis data is used in the form of Training Needs Analysis and job design. Finally, two modern alternatives to the classical approach to job analysis are described: competency profiling and work analysis. These approaches are explored in terms of the benefits that they can provide to practitioners in overcoming some of the limitations of traditional approaches to job analysis in the modern working world.