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dc.contributor.authorMyers, Tony D.
dc.contributor.authorBalmer, Nigel J.
dc.contributor.authorNevill, Alan M.
dc.contributor.authorAl-Nakeeb, Yahya
dc.date.accessioned2009-04-22T21:28:37Z
dc.date.available2009-04-22T21:28:37Z
dc.date.issued2006
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Sports Science and Medicine, 5(CSSI): 21-27
dc.identifier.issn1303-2968
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/65973
dc.description.abstractMuayThai is a combat sport with a growing international profile but limited research conducted into judging practices and processes. Problems with judging of other subjectively judged combat sports have caused controversy at major international tournaments that have resulted in changes to scoring methods. Nationalistic bias has been central to these problems and has been identified across a range of sports. The aim of this study was to examine nationalistic bias in MuayThai. Data were collected from the International Federation of MuayThai Amateur (IFMA) World Championships held in Almaty, Kazakhstan September 2003 and comprised of tournament results from 70 A-class MuayThai bouts each judged by between five and nine judges. Bouts examined featured 62 competitors from 21 countries and 25 judges from 11 countries. Results suggested that nationalistic bias was evident. The bias observed equated to approximately one round difference between opposing judges over the course of a bout (a mean of 1.09 (SE=0.50) points difference between judges with opposing affilations). The number of neutral judges used meant that this level of bias generally did not influence the outcome of bouts. Future research should explore other ingroup biases, such as nearest neighbour bias and political bias as well as investigating the feasibility adopting an electronic scoring system.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherAsist Group
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.jssm.org/combat/1/4/v5combat-4text.php
dc.subjectMuayThai
dc.subjectJudging
dc.subjectbias
dc.subjectSporting events
dc.subjectCombat sports
dc.subjectNationalistic bias
dc.subjectThailand
dc.subjectScoring
dc.subjectHome advantage
dc.titleEvidence of nationalistic bias in MuayThai
dc.typeJournal article
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Sports Science and Medicine
refterms.dateFOA2018-08-21T15:40:50Z
html.description.abstractMuayThai is a combat sport with a growing international profile but limited research conducted into judging practices and processes. Problems with judging of other subjectively judged combat sports have caused controversy at major international tournaments that have resulted in changes to scoring methods. Nationalistic bias has been central to these problems and has been identified across a range of sports. The aim of this study was to examine nationalistic bias in MuayThai. Data were collected from the International Federation of MuayThai Amateur (IFMA) World Championships held in Almaty, Kazakhstan September 2003 and comprised of tournament results from 70 A-class MuayThai bouts each judged by between five and nine judges. Bouts examined featured 62 competitors from 21 countries and 25 judges from 11 countries. Results suggested that nationalistic bias was evident. The bias observed equated to approximately one round difference between opposing judges over the course of a bout (a mean of 1.09 (SE=0.50) points difference between judges with opposing affilations). The number of neutral judges used meant that this level of bias generally did not influence the outcome of bouts. Future research should explore other ingroup biases, such as nearest neighbour bias and political bias as well as investigating the feasibility adopting an electronic scoring system.


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