• A multi-criteria analysis of adapting the Tiv traditional hut to climate change: a case study of the Kanshio community, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria

      Ohiaeri, Mvande Becky (University of Wolverhampton, 2020-05)
      There has been significant research on the impact of climate change and possible strategies to reduce and adapt to these impacts. However, the role of the public response remains poorly theorized and under-studied. This thesis reviews how the built environments in the rural tropical communities of Sub-Saharan Africa are adapting to climate change. The research included an extensive study on present constraints to adapting the traditional huts in the ‘Kanshio’ community of Benue State, Nigeria. The thesis aims to understand the perception and sustainable adaptation strategies of ‘kanshio’ rural households toward the adverse effects of climate change. A mixed-method approach was adopted involving questionnaires, interviews, focus group discussion and informal discussion. The study examined perceived impacts of climate change on the current method of building and the adaptation strategies of households to the events of climate change impacts. Data analysis was carried out using analytical software, such as Graph Prism and Microsoft Excel. Although the built environment in the tropical rural community is particularly vulnerable to climate change, such as extreme temperature, droughts, desertification, flooding and cyclones, they are the most poorly adapted and investigated. The study finds that economic reasons were mostly responsible for the lack of preparedness and adaptation. An additional finding was that, preserving the culture of ancient traditional architecture as an approach to improving building energy performance, room temperatures and flood impacts are worthwhile. Creating awareness can help improve building performance as part of public response.