• Consultation for a Change? Engaging Users and Communities in the policy Process

      Cook, Dee (Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2002)
      The process of consultation has become integral to the development, implementation and evaluation of a raft of UK health and social policies. However, the current bewildering patchwork of area–based initiatives means that, in many localities, it is impossible to evaluate the outcomes of particular targeted initiatives, let alone make sense of local planning consultations, Best Value reviews and (multi–agency) service reviews which run concurrently. The cumulative effects of this consultation "overload" threaten to swamp both local authorities and their service users. Consul–tation is itself a crucial yet deeply problematic process. There is an official view which holds that an "old" model of consultation—often tokenistic and unrepresentative—is being replaced with a "new" one. This paper examines and challenges that view in relation to the key policy areas of housing, social services and policing. It also pays particular attention to, and problematizes, the notion of "hard–to–reach groups", which is so dominant in the discourse of consultation. The paper argues that developing appropriate tools and recognizing that consultation is a process—not an event—are essential starting points in addressing these problems. The next step is to reconcile the principles of both evidence–based policy and user–led services into a strategic (and "joined–up") framework. But, when all this is accomplished, we still need to question the political and fiscal contexts in which policy–making takes place and within which the process of consultation is itself bounded.
    • Criminal and Social Justice

      Cook, Dee (London: Sage Publications, 2006)
      Criminal and Social Justice provides an important insight into the relationship between social inequality, crime and criminalisation. In this accessible and innovative account, Dee Cook examines the nature of the relationship between criminal and social justice - both in theory and in practice. Current social, economic, political and cultural considerations are brought to bear, and contemporary examples are used throughout to help the student to consider this relationship. The book is essential reading for students and researchers in criminology, social policy, social work and sociology. It is also relevant to practitioners in statutory, voluntary and community sector organisations. (Sage Publications)
    • Denied a Future? The right to education of Roma/Gypsy and traveller children in Europe

      Pinnock, Katherine (London: Save the Children, 2001)
      The idea for the Denied a Future? report emerged at the 1999 session of the UN Commission on Human Rights. Save the Children decided that there was a need for a basic text that described legislation, policy and practice with regard to education provision for Roma/Gypsy and Traveller children in a number of European countries. Denied a Future? therefore describes law, policy and practice in the period June 2000 to June 2001. The report was intended to serve as a benchmark against which the impact of contemporaray and future investments by the World Bank, the European Union, national and local governments and other agencies could be assessed. The report, published online in 4 volumes, highlights the lack of access to good-quality education of Roma children across Europe. Across Europe the challenge of providing Roma/Gypsy and Traveller children with access to quality education is not being met. Many school systems continue to marginalise Roma/Gypsy and Traveller children, thereby effectively denying them the chance to reach their full potential. Denied a future? examines 14 countries across Europe. It highlights the impact that a lack of personal security and freedom of movement, poverty and powerlessness all have on access to education for Roma/Gypsy and Traveller children.
    • Desires for Reality: Radicalism and Revolution in Western European Film

      Halligan, Benjamin (Berghahn Books, 2016-02)
      What was the progressive cinema of the 1960s? In the absence of any generally agreed definitions, differing ideas abound, originating from two areas: firstly, the critical/academic histories of 1960s cinema, and secondly the conception of a ‘progressive cinema’ that is apparent in a number of 1960s films. The initial point of departure for this study is the conflict that arises between these two areas: the progressive cinema of the 1960s, as articulated in its own artefacts, does not always fully support, verify or validate the idea of a progressive cinema of the 1960s to be found in critical/academic histories. This disparity will be used to orientate this study as it seeks to expand the parameters of the critical/academic histories in order to identify and conceptualise, in a sustained way, the progressive cinema of the 1960s.
    • Developing interprofessional education online: An ecological systems theory analysis

      Bluteau, Patricia; Clouder, Lynn; Cureton, Debra (Taylor & Francis Online, 2017-05)
      This article relates the findings of a discourse analysis of an online asynchronous interprofessional learning initiative involving two UK universities. The impact of the initiative is traced over three intensive periods of online interaction, each of several-weeks duration occurring over a three-year period, through an analysis of a random sample of discussion forum threads. The corpus of rich data drawn from the forums is interpreted using ecological systems theory, which highlights the complexity of interaction of individual, social and cultural elements. Ecological systems theory adopts a life course approach to understand how development occurs through processes of progressively more complex reciprocal interaction between people and their environment. This lens provides a novel approach for analysis and interpretation of findings with respect to the impact of pre-registration interprofessional education and the interaction between the individual and their social and cultural contexts as they progress through 3/4 years of their programmes. Development is mapped over time (the chronosystem) to highlight the complexity of interaction across microsystems (individual), mesosystems (curriculum and institutional/care settings), exosystems (community/wider local context), and macrosystems (national context and culture). This article illustrates the intricacies of students’ interprofessional development over time and the interactive effects of social ecological components in terms of professional knowledge and understanding, wider appreciation of health and social care culture and identity work. The implications for contemporary pre-registration interprofessional education and the usefulness and applicability of ecological systems theory for future research and development are considered.
    • Developing Preventative Practices: The Experiences of Children, Young People and their families in the Children's Fund

      Evans, Ruth; Pinnock, Katherine; Bierens, Hanne; Edwards, Anne (London: Department for Education and Skills, 2006)
      The Children's Fund was set up in 2000, in part as a catalyst to move forward interagency co-operation and child and family-led preventative services in local authorities. The initiative will run until 2008 and have total funding of £960m over the life of the programme. It is, therefore, part of a long-term strategy aimed at strengthening communities and families as places where children and young people can develop as healthy, responsible and engaged citizens. The initiative targets children and young people aged five to 13 years who are considered to be at risk of social exclusion in 149 partnership arrangements across all 150 local authorities in England. The National Evaluation of the Children's Fund (NECF) was commissioned in late 2002 and ran until March 2006. The NECF was co-ordinated by the University of Birmingham & Institute of Education. The evaluation examined the structures, processes and outcomes of the Children's Fund. The evaluation has generated a series of reports. 'Developing Preventative Practices: The Experiences of Children, Young People and their families in the Children's Fund' aims to address the overarching question of which Children's Fund practices and approaches promote good outcomes for children and young people and support their pathways to inclusion. The report uses the concepts of risk, resilience and protection to understand the responses of children and families to the services provided by the Children's Fund and the immediate impact these services have made on their lives, The report also begins to locate these experiences within some broader notions of social exclusion and inclusion in order to reflect on how learning from the Children's Fund might be taken forward.
    • Developing Responsive Preventative Practices: Key Messages from Children's and Families' Experiences of the Children's Fund

      Pinnock, Katherine; Evans, Ruth (Wiley InterScience, 2008)
      As part of the prevention and social inclusion agenda, the Children's Fund, set up in 2000, has developed preventative services for children at risk of social exclusion. Drawing on a large qualitative dataset of interviews conducted in 2004/05 with children, young people and their parents/carers who accessed Children Fund services, this article analyses key practices and approaches valued by children and parents. These included: specialist support tailored to individual support needs, family-oriented approaches, trusting relationships with service providers, multi-agency approaches and sustainability of services. Finally, the article draws out key lessons for the future development of preventative services. (Blackwell)
    • Evaluation of Specialist Domestic Violence Courts/Fast Track Systems

      Cook, Dee; Burton, Mandy; Robinson, Amanda; Vallely, Christine (Commissioned by the Crown Prosecution Service and the Department for Constitutional Affairs, 2004)
      Overall, our research indicates the notable and positive benefits of Specialist Domestic Violence Courts and Fast Track Systems in three key ways: • Both ‘clustering’ and ‘fast-tracking’ DV cases enhances the effectiveness of court and support services for victims. • Both SDVC and FTS arrangements make advocacy and information-sharing easier to accomplish. • Victim participation and satisfaction is improved and thus public confidence in the CJS is increased. All the courts have created the infrastructure necessary for continued improvements in the effectiveness and efficiency in dealing with domestic violence cases Such courts enable the development of best practice in multi-agency, integrated ways of working that place the victim at the heart of the process.
    • Gathering and analysis of social work workforce intelligence

      Morgan, Angela; Holt, Judith; Williams, Jill (Henry Stewart Publications, 2007)
      By drawing together existing data on local authority social worker recruitment and retention with data on students qualifying from social work diploma (DipSW) and degree programmes, this paper presents findings from a case study designed to evaluate social work workforce intelligence within a sub-region of the West Midlands. Qualitative and quantitative methods included key informant interviews, a DipSW graduate questionnaire survey (followed by semi-structured interviews), social work degree student profiles and existing data and document analysis. Key findings show that practice placements influence employment choices, a good learning culture supports recruitment and retention, and workforce and practice learning opportunity data could be drawn together. The paper concludes with clear implications and recommendations for policy and practice for recruitment and retention of social workers. A model planning tool to match recruitment needs (demand) with numbers of students on qualifying social work programmes (supply) is proposed.
    • In Proportion

      Waddington, P. A. J.; Stenson, Kevin; Don, David (Oxford University Press, 2004)
      This article examines the view, expressed authoritatively in the Macpherson report (1999), that racial disproportionality in police stop and search is attributable to officers selectively targeting minority groups. The research on which this article is based replicates Home Office research (Miller and MVA 2000) that profiled the population ‘available’ in public places to be stopped and searched. Using a combination of data sources, this article extends that research in two directions: first, by exploring the issue of visibility and how it has an impact upon decisions to stop and search; and, secondly, by investigating whether disproportionality might arise indirectly from the way in which police direct their efforts in relation to time, place and types of motor vehicle. Finally, we discuss the implications of this research for the concept of ‘institutional racism’.
    • Modelling Affective Labour: On Terry Richardson’s Photography

      Halligan, Benjamin (Duke University Press, 2017-03)
      Photographer Terry Richardson works in a digital aesthetic vernacular that looks more to underground hardcore pornography of yesteryear than traditions associated with the institutionalisation of erotica, as associated with Playboy. And yet his images, in Kibosh and Terryworld, anticipate the contemporary public recalibration of ideas of intimacy as associated with Social Media, tally with contested ideas of the sexualisation of female empowerment as associated with contested elements of Third Wave Feminism, and can be read as a contemporary phase of Antonio Negri’s theory of art and immaterial labour in their evidencing of the affective labour on the part of the photographer himself. This critical commentary, the first such academic writing on Richardson, explores his work in these contexts, and considers Richardson’s return to the figure (over abstraction) as evidencing and exploring of the nature of work, and the nascent eroticisation of working relations, under Western neoliberal regimes.
    • Policing public order and political contention

      Waddington, P. A. J. (Cullompton: Willan Publishing, 2003)
      This is one of the most ambitious books on policing ever written. It aims to provide a comprehensive but highly readable overview of policing in the UK, reflecting the transformations that have taken place in recent years and the increasing professionalisation of one of the country's most important services. It will be an essential text for anybody involved in the study of policing as a subject in its own right or as part of a broader criminal justice or criminology course, and a key source of reference for the police themselves -- it is by far the most comprehensive and authoritative book to have been written on the subject, combining the expertise of leading academic experts on policing and policing practitioners themselves. It will become an essential point of reference at a time of rapid change for the police, and constant debate about their role and function. (Willan)
    • Slippery slopes and civil libertarian pessimism

      Waddington, P. A. J. (Routledge, 2005)
      Civil libertarian accounts of the perilous state of civil liberties in modern liberal democracies are partial and unduly pessimistic, suggesting that the inevitable future for civil liberties can only be erosion. The concept of 'normalisation' purports to explain this erosion, but whilst examples of 'normalisation' are commonplace, contrary examples are equally prevalent but remain unacknowledged. This article proposes an equally plausible optimistic corrective to such pessimism, for civil libertarians have in the past successfully resisted and reversed the authoritarian instincts of governments faced with exceptional circumstances. They have done so overtly through the passage of legislation that has extended and enhanced civil liberties, such as the British Human Rights Act. They have also done so more quietly through the repeal of antiquated draconian legislation. In addition, civil libertarian pessimists exaggerate the illiberal predispositions of officials and police. Civil libertarian pessimism is good politics, but poor analysis. It testifies to the contested terrain over which the 'struggle for civil liberties' is fought.
    • The Impact of the NGO Sector and Roma/Gypsy Organisations on Bulgarian Social Policy making 1989-1997

      Pinnock, Katherine (Cambridge University Press, 2002)
      This paper, drawing on fieldwork carried out in Bulgaria in 1997, examines the impact of Roma/Gypsies and the NGO sector on Bulgarian social policy-making between 1989 and 1997. NGOs emerged during this period as important actors in the field of social policy. They were seen as agents of civil society and as having scope to fill in gaps left by inadequate state welfare. However, a number of problems have also been identified, in terms of limited scope for participation and for long-term development. The paper explores both outside and inside forces that shaped NGO development and in turn social policy-making in Bulgaria in the period 1989–97. The case study of a Roma/Gypsy led NGO reveals this interplay of forces and shows how international, national and local social policy frameworks are both fundamental to and shaped by such NGO activities.
    • The Violent Workplace

      Waddington, P. A. J.; Badger, Douglas; Bull, Ray (Cullompton: Willan Publishing, 2005)
      The threat of violence concerns most people most profoundly. It has long been a topic of intensive academic, practical and political debate. In recent years the workplace has emerged, as a recognized site of violence, threat and menace and this book will make a significant contribution to the growing literature on workplace violence. Using innovative research methods, it uniquely examines four of the most violence-prone occupations: the police; accident and emergency staff; social workers; and mental health professionals. "The Violent Workplace" identifies similarities and differences between these occupations that are far from intuitive. It will examine the diversity of experiences that shelter under the concept of 'violence and threats'; promote the importance of the 'moral dimension' in experiences of violence; analyze the impact of appearance and reputation in creating fear; discuss the importance of context in creating a sense of menace; and conclude by considering the practical implications of this research for handling violence and managing those who have suffered it. (Willan)
    • Understanding Victim Retraction in cases of domestic violence: Specialist Courts, Government Policy, and Victim-Centred Justice

      Robinson, Amanda; Cook, Dee (Routledge Taylor & Francis Group, 2006)
      Victim retraction is almost universally viewed by criminal justice officials as a problematic outcome in cases of domestic violence, consequently policy initiatives have been designed to increase support to victims in the hope that more will decide to continue with their cases instead of retracting their statements. However our understanding of the various causes and full consequences of retraction remains limited. Using data from five Specialist Domestic Violence Courts (SDVCs) in England and Wales, we analysed a sample of 216 domestic violence cases to assess the relative influence of victim characteristics, offence characteristics, features of case processing, and evidence available from case files on the decision to retract. Despite the innovative courts, each embedded in strong multi‐agency partnerships, half of domestic violence victims still chose to retract. The policy implications of these results are discussed in the context of current British government initiatives designed to `Narrow the Justice Gap' and `Bring Offenders to Justice' while at the same attempting to locate the victim “at the heart of the criminal justice system.