AbstractZoos worldwide play an important role in both in situ and ex situ conservation, such as providing breeding programmes and reintroductions into the wild. Zoo populations are crucial as a buffer against extinction. However, a mismatch between the wild and zoo environments can lead to psychological as well as physiological health issues, such as stress, boredom, diabetes, and obe-sity. These problems, in turn, can impact the reproductive success of individuals. Consequently, some primate species have reduced breeding success when housed in zoos compared to their wild counterparts. To prevent the onset of behavioural, physiological and cognitive, negative effects and to continually improve the welfare of their animals, zoos widely implement different types of environmental enrichment. There are many forms enrichment can take, such as feeding, puzzles and training, but sensory enrichments, including implementing the use of scents, are currently understudied. Scent enrichments are less utilized despite their promise in multiple re-search studies showing that they may have positive effects on welfare for zoo-housed animal species, including non-human primates. Despite being traditionally considered to be microsmatic, various lines of evidence suggest that olfaction plays a larger role in primates than previously thought. This review is therefore aimed to focus on scent-based enrichment and the specifics of captive primates.
CitationElwell, E. J. & Vaglio, S. (2023) The Scent Enriched Primate, Animals, 13 (10), Article no. 1617. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani13101617
Description© 2023 The Authors. Published by MDPI. This is an open access article available under a Creative Commons licence. The published version can be accessed at the following link on the publisher’s website: https://doi.org/10.3390/ani13101617
SponsorsThis work was supported by Dudley Zoo & Castle and Twycross Zoo (E.J.E. bench fees) and the University of Wolverhampton’s Faculty of Science & Engineering (E.J.E. tuition fees) and Re-search Investment Fund scheme – Phase 4 (publication fees).
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/