Age-related differences in trunk kinematics and interplanar decoupling with the pelvis during gait in healthy older versus younger men
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AbstractThis study investigated age-related differences in trunk kinematics during walking in healthy men. Secondary aims were to investigate the covarying effects of physical activity (PA) and lumbar paravertebral muscle (LPM) morphology on trunk kinematics, and the effect of age on interplanar coupling between the trunk and pelvis. Three-dimensional (3D) trunk and pelvis motion data were obtained for 12 older (67.3 ± 6.0 years) and 12 younger (24.7 ± 3.1 years) healthy men during walking at a self-selected speed along a 10 m walkway. Phase-specific differences were observed in the coronal and transverse planes, with midstance and swing phases highlighted as instances when trunk and pelvic kinematics differed significantly (p < 0.05) between the younger group and older group. Controlling for age, fewer significant positive correlations were revealed between trunk and pelvic ranges and planes of motion. LPM morphology and PA were not significant covariates of age-related differences in trunk kinematics. Age-related differences in trunk kinematics were most apparent in the coronal and transverse planes. The results further indicate ageing causes an uncoupling of interplanar upper body movements during gait. These findings provide important information for rehabilitation programmes in older adults designed to improve trunk motion, as well as enable identification of higher-risk movement patterns related to falling.
CitationDallaway A, Duncan M, Griffen C, Tallis J, Renshaw D, Hattersley J. (2023) Age-Related Differences in Trunk Kinematics and Interplanar Decoupling with the Pelvis during Gait in Healthy Older versus Younger Men. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 12(8):2951. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm12082951
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
PubMed ID37109285 (pubmed)
Description© 2023 The Authors. Published by MDPI. This is an open access article available under a Creative Commons licence. The published version can be accessed at the following link on the publisher’s website: https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm12082951
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Licence for published version: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
- Age-Related Differences in Trunk Kinematics and Interplanar Decoupling with the Pelvis during Gait in Healthy Older versus Younger Men.
- Authors: Dallaway A, Duncan M, Griffen C, Tallis J, Renshaw D, Hattersley J
- Issue date: 2023 Apr 18
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