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dc.contributor.authorThelwall, Mike
dc.contributor.authorKousha, Kayvan
dc.contributor.authorAbdoli, Mahshid
dc.contributor.authorStuart, Emma
dc.contributor.authorMakita, Meiko
dc.contributor.authorWilson, Paul
dc.contributor.authorLevitt, Jonathan
dc.date.accessioned2023-03-13T12:24:20Z
dc.date.available2023-03-13T12:24:20Z
dc.date.issued2023-03-23
dc.identifier.citationThelwall, M., Kousha, K., Abdoli, M., Stuart, E., Makita, M., Wilson, P. and Levitt, J. (2023) Why are co-authored academic articles more cited: Higher quality or larger audience? Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 74(7), pp. 791–810. https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.24755en
dc.identifier.issn2330-1635en
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/asi.24755
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/625147
dc.description© 2023 The Authors. Published by Wiley and the Association for Information Science and Technology. This is an open access article available under a Creative Commons licence. The published version can be accessed at the following link on the publisher’s website: https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.24755en
dc.description.abstractCollaboration is encouraged because it is believed to improve academic research, supported by indirect evidence in the form of more co-authored articles being more cited. Nevertheless, this might not reflect quality but increased self-citations or the “audience effect”: citations from increased awareness through multiple author networks. We address this with the first science wide investigation into whether author numbers associate with journal article quality, using expert peer quality judgements for 122,331 articles from the 2014-20 UK national assessment. Spearman correlations between authors numbers and quality scores show moderately strong positive associations (0.2-0.4) in the health, life, and physical sciences, but weak or no positive associations in engineering and social sciences, with weak negative/positive or no association in various arts and humanities, and a possible negative association for decision sciences. This gives the first systematic evidence that greater numbers of authors associates with higher quality journal articles in the majority of academia outside the arts and humanities, at least for the UK. Positive associations between team size and citation counts in areas with little association between team size and quality also show that audience effects or other non-quality factors account for the higher citation rates of co-authored articles in some fields.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was funded by Research England, Scottish Funding Council, Higher Education Funding Council for Wales, and Department for the Economy, Northern Ireland as part of the Future Research Assessment Programme (https://www.jisc.ac.uk/future-research-assessment-programme).en
dc.formatapplication/pdfen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWileyen
dc.relation.urlhttps://asistdl.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/23301643en
dc.subjectcollaborationen
dc.subjectresearch excellence frameworken
dc.subjectREF2021en
dc.subjectco-authorshipen
dc.subjectresearch qualityen
dc.subjectcitation analysisen
dc.titleWhy are co-authored academic articles more cited: Higher quality or larger audience?en
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of the Association for Information Science and Technologyen
dc.date.updated2023-03-11T13:22:52Z
dc.date.accepted2023-03-11
rioxxterms.funderResearch England, Scottish Funding Council, Higher Education Funding Council for Wales, and Department for the Economy, Northern Irelanden
rioxxterms.versionVoRen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2023-03-23en
dc.source.volume74
dc.source.issue7
dc.source.beginpage791
dc.source.endpage810
refterms.dateFCD2023-03-13T12:23:56Z
refterms.versionFCDVoR
refterms.dateFOA2023-03-24T03:42:40Z


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