Evaluation of the effect of leaf development in plectranthus amboinicus l. on antimicrobial activity and virulence factors of pseudomonas aeruginosa PA01 and staphylococcus aureus NCTC8325
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AbstractPlectranthus amboinicus is widely recognized as a potential source of antimicrobial compounds due to the presence of bioactive components (essential oils) secreted by the glandular trichomes borne on the leaves. As such, an understanding of the effect of leaf development on the production of these essential oils (EOs) is of crucial importance to its medicinal applications. The current study represents the first comparative investigation of the effect of different stages of leaf development (lag, log, and stationary phase) upon the yield and bioactivity of phytochemicals produced. The effects of leaf extracts on the antimicrobial activity, cell surface hydrophobicity, biofilm formation, and motility of P. aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus were evaluated. Cryo-scanning electron microscopy was used to record the abundance and distribution of both glandular and non-glandular trichomes during leaf development. Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry analysis revealed that the potent phytochemical thymol is present primarily in log (30.28%) and stationary phase (20.89%) extracts. Log phase extracts showed the lowest minimum inhibitory concentration (25 mg/ml) when compared to other phases of development. Stationary phase extracts were shown to exhibit the highest biofilm dispersal activity against P. aeruginosa (80%), and log phase extracts against biofilms of S. aureus (59%). Log phase extracts showed the highest biofilm inhibitory activity against P. aeruginosa (66%) and S. aureus (63%). In conclusion, log phase leaf extracts of P. amboinicus exhibited a multimodal mechanism of action by displaying antimicrobial, antibiofilm activities and reducing the motility and hydrophobicity, which are important virulence factors in P. aeruginosa and S. aureus pathogenesis.
CitationSawant, S., Baldwin, T.C., Khan, H. and Rahman, A. (2023) Evaluation of the Effect of Leaf Development in Plectranthus amboinicus L. on Antimicrobial Activity and Virulence Factors of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 and Staphylococcus aureus NCTC8325. Current Microbiology, 80, 24. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00284-022-03126-7