Effects of reflection to improve goal-directed self-talk on endurance performance
AuthorsLatinjak, Alexander T.
de las Heras, Bernat
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AbstractWe investigated the effects of an intervention that encouraged reflection on organic self-talk used during endurance performance. Using an experimental design, we compared the effects of enhancing metacognitive skills by (a) planning and (b) reviewing and evaluating goal-directed self-talk. Participants completed three time-to-exhaustion cycling task trials in which we hypothesized that the intervention group would perform significantly better than the control group. Further, we expected a reduction in perceived exertion for a given workload among participants following a self-talk intervention. Thirty-four participants completed a time-to-exhaustion cycle ergometer test, after which participants were randomly divided into an intervention and control group. The intervention group performed reflection tasks on performance in the time-to-exhaustion test. Participants completed two further time-to-exhaustion tests. Repeated measures analyses of covariance to test whether the intervention group performed for longer indicated no significant difference in time to exhaustion (p = 0.157). Perceived exertion rates were 2.42% higher in the intervention compared to the control group (p = 0.025). In conclusion, in the intervention group, goal-directed self-talk led to increased sensitisation to perceived exertion, and participants chose to stop exercising at this point rather than repeat implementation of self-talk statements and persist for longer.
CitationLatinjak AT, De las Heras B, Sacot A, Fernandez D, Robinson D, Lane AM. (2018) Effects of Reflection to Improve Goal-Directed Self-Talk on Endurance Performance. Sports, 6(2):55. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports6020055
PubMed ID29910359 (pubmed)
Description© 2018 The Authors. Published by MDPI. This is an open access article available under a Creative Commons licence. The published version can be accessed at the following link on the publisher’s website: https://doi.org/10.3390/sports6020055
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Licence for published version: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International