Now showing items 1-20 of 219

    • Transformation or retaining the status quo: Multinational hospitality companies and SME collaboration on sustainability in emerging countries

      Yamak, Sibel; Karatas-Ozkan, Mine; Godwin, Eun Sun; Mahmood, Samia; Rahimi, Roya (IGI Global, 2022-10-03)
      This chapter focuses on the dynamics of MHC-SME collaboration on sustainability in an emerging country context. The findings show that MHC sustainability policy is generally driven from headquarters and that economic sustainability has priority over environmental and social sustainability. By contrast, SMEs appear to be able to initiate fully sustainable strategies based on the culture, tradition, family history, industry, and ethical standing of the owners. The interaction of MHCs and SMEs in relation to sustainability involves varying factors at the macro, meso, and micro levels. However, the micro level factor (i.e., human agency) seems to be the determining factor of the relationship. The authors provide rich contextual data by adopting a qualitative research method (case study) based on primary data, which is rare in international business literature.
    • Towards an ecocritical adaptation studies

      Geal, Robert (Oxford University Press, 2023-12-31)
      Arguments that ‘it is time for adaptation studies to take an x turn’ have proliferated in the inevitably methodologically eclectic field of adaptation studies. However, there are still methodologies with which adaptation studies has not yet engaged in detail, and which could be enriched by certain existing adaptation studies conventions. One such approach is ecocriticism: analyses of how various cultural practices reflect and inform human attitudes and behaviours towards the nonhuman world around us. This article outlines how the study of adaptation has thus far engaged with ecocritical issues, and indicates how existing adaptation studies protocols offer useful tools to extend the ecocritical project in a diachronic and intercultural manner.
    • Corporate Insolvency and Governance Act 2020 - Final evaluation report November 2022

      Walton, Peter; Jacobs, Lezelle (Insolvency Service, HM Government, 2022-12-19)
    • The impact of entrepreneurial orientation on debt financing of family businesses: Evidence from Nigeria

      Jaiyeola, Afusat; Wang, Yong; Mahmood, Samia; Montiel Méndez, O.J.; Tomaselli, S.; Maciel, A.S (Emerald, 2022-11-28)
      There exists a shortage of studies that establish linkages between entrepreneurial orientation and debt financing in family businesses. In line with this research stream, the purpose of this chapter is to examine the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and debt financing of family businesses. Specifically, the study investigates how the five entrepreneurial orientation dimensions– risk-taking, innovativeness, proactiveness, competitive aggressiveness, and autonomy influence family business debt financing. By adopting a qualitative research methodology and based on empirical evidence gathered through a 10-case study design involving face-to-face interviews with owners of family businesses in Nigeria, the study examines the influence of entrepreneurial orientation on debt financing. The results suggest that the entrepreneurial orientation of family businesses seems to play a pivotal role in influencing debt financing. If a firm is entrepreneurial-oriented, it is reasonable to expect that it will focus attention on new and emerging opportunities for obtaining debt financing. The study advances research on entrepreneurial orientation and debt financing in family businesses. It develops an empirically theoretical framework at the intersection of the family business and entrepreneurial orientation research, filling a gap in the literature. Future research could substantiate the findings of this study on a broader empirical base, using quantitative methods. This study offers a new perspective to the study of entrepreneurial orientation and, at the same time, contributes with findings from research on entrepreneurial orientation to the study of debt financing in family businesses.
    • Enabling family business resilience – The role of female leadership: Evidence from a Chinese family business

      Wang, Yong; Li, Yanshuang; Montiel Méndez, O.J.; Tomaselli, S.; Maciel, A.S. (Emerald, 2022-11-28)
      Research on what makes family business resilient and why resilience matters in family businesses is in development. Drawing on the upper echelon theory, we examine the impact of female leadership on resilience development. Semi-structured interviews were performed in the selected family business. This was complemented by secondary data available from online publications. Results suggest that resilience consists of abilities to prepare for, control, adapt to, and absorb change. Evidence further indicates female-embodied attributes, female-enabled family cohesion, female-empowered governance, and female-characterised resource orchestration lead to the development of resilience.
    • Managing allegations concerning Black and Asian police officers, cultural competence and reflective practice under the Police (Conduct) Regulations 2020

      McDaniel, John; Malik, Nadeem (Wiley, 2022-12-12)
      The Police (Conduct) Regulations 2020 were introduced in the aftermath of serious findings by the National Police Chiefs Council (NPCC) that many police supervisors are uncomfortable dealing with low-level misconduct allegations concerning Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) officers. A key component of the new regulations is the use of reflective practice as a way of managing low-level breaches of professional standards. We argue that there is little in the regulations to ensure that police supervisors can reach a threshold of cultural competency to oversee the new processes authentically. Furthermore, we fear that police misconduct data in coming years may indicate significant improvements in rates of misconduct and disproportionalities when the reality is that many issues are being shunted downward to more informal environments where little effort is made to gather and analyse data. Racial and ethnic disproportionalities may become even harder to identify and address as a result.
    • What is known about capacity and coordination of social assistance programmes in crisis situations?

      Slater, Rachel; Haruna, Ella; Baur, Daniela (Institute of Development Studies, 2022-10-21)
      This paper reviews the literature and documented evidence on capacity and coordination issues in crisis situations, where social protection and humanitarian assistance intersect. The paper finds that while there is a burgeoning literature that mentions capacity and coordination, very little of this focuses on crisis situations. Although both terms are mentioned frequently, they are rarely defined or robustly and systematically assessed. The little literature that does exist points to a substantial knowledge gap on both the ways in which capacity and coordination deficits undermine the delivery of social assistance in crisis situations and what can be done to overcome these deficits. Frameworks that could be useful in exploring these questions in crisis situations are identified including those that differentiate between technical and functional elements of capacity, and between technical, political, social and behavioural aspects of coordination.
    • Radical freedom: Periyar and women

      Manoharan, Karthick Ram (European Commission, 2021-03-24)
      This paper looks at South Indian social reformer and anti-caste radical Periyar E.V. Ramasamy's approach to the women's question. Periyar was not just an advocate of social and economic equality between the sexes but espoused a radical concept of sexual freedom for women, which is central to his concept of liberty as such. While the anti-colonialists of his period defended native traditions and customs, Periyar welcomed modernity and saw it laden with possibilities for the emancipation of women. Likewise, where other social reformers addressed the women's question within the ambit of the nation and/or the family, Periyar saw both nation and family as institutions that limited the liberties of women. This paper compares his thoughts with The Dialectic of Sex, the key work of the radical feminist Shulamith Firestone, and highlights the similarities in their approach to women's liberation and sexual freedom, especially their critique of child-rearing and child-bearing. It explores Periyar's booklet Women Enslaved in detail and engages with lesser known, new primary material of Periyar on the women's question, concluding with a discussion of his perspective of the West.
    • Women in music and research: an interdisciplinary feminist research hub

      Potočnik, Metka (Practice as Research (Dr Nicole Brown), 2022-11-21)
    • Aaliyah’s voice and after

      Halligan, Benjamin; Halligan, Benjamin; Rambarran, Shara; Hodges-Persley, Nicole; Fairclough, Kirsty (Bloomsbury Academic, 2023-09-21)
    • Assessing the application of multi-criteria decision making techniques in hospitality and tourism research: a bibliometric study

      Vatankhah, Sanaz; Darvishmotevali, Mahlagha; Rahimi, Roya; Jamali, Seyedh Mahboobeh; Ale Ebrahim, Nader (Emerald, 2023-01-04)
      Purpose: Multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) techniques are decision support systems that provide systematic approaches to solve hospitality and tourism (H&T) problems while minimizing the risk of failure. However, less is known about the application of MCDM techniques in H&T research. This study aims to systematically assess the use of MCDM techniques in H&T research to classify its current application and determine its application potential for H&T research. Design/methodology/approach: This study used bibliometric analysis to examine all published MCDM studies focused on H&T industries, since 1997. In addition, topic modelling was used to discover key concepts. Finally, top cited studies in terms of total citations per year and total citations were qualitatively reviewed for more insights. Findings: The findings revealed an ongoing interest in applying MCDM techniques in H&T research. Specifically, the extension of fuzzy theory in MCDM techniques is burgeoning among H&T researchers. However, a certain number of MCDM techniques seem to be ignored in this field with a repetitive application of MCDM techniques in particular areas. Research limitations/implications: The data for the current research was solely retrieved from Scopus and other databases were not included. Therefore, future research is called for to re-examine the study by considering data from various databases. Originality/value: This study contributes to extant H&T literature by a) identifying the most prolific and influential countries, journals, publications, and trends by applying MCDM techniques in H&T research, and b) elucidating the implications and characteristics of MCDM techniques in H&T research.
    • Representation and diversity in the sign language translation & interpreting profession in the UK

      Napier, Jemina; Skinner, Robert; Adam, Robert; Stone, Christopher; Pratt, Sandra; Hinton, Danny; Obasi, Chijoke (SAGE, 2022-09-30)
      This paper reports the findings of a nationwide sign language translator and interpreter (SLTI) census to establish a baseline description of the UK’s SLTI workforce that was commissioned by the Association of Sign Language Interpreters UK. Complete responses were received from 690 practitioners from across the UK (43% of the potential sample). The survey responses were analysed using SPSS statistical software, specifically to look at various intersectional characteristics concerning gender, age, sexuality, race and ethnicity. This paper provides an overview of the findings with respect to two key themes: representation and diversity in the profession, along with discussion of the profile of the SLTI profession in the UK, and recommendations for actions for key stakeholder organisations. As a first snapshot, this census functions as a baseline for future comparisons, and can be modified and improved through open dialogue with professional and community groups. This snapshot helps us to identify gaps in representation. Finally, it can also inform the planning and forecasting of recruitment needs for the workforce and highlight any education and training needs.
    • Language aptitude in the visuospatial modality: L2 British Sign Language acquisition and cognitive skills in British Sign Language-English interpreting students

      Watkins, Freya; Webb, Stacey; Stone, Christopher; Thompson, Robin L. (Frontiers Media, 2022-09-14)
      Sign language interpreting (SLI) is a cognitively challenging task performed mostly by second language learners (i.e., not raised using a sign language as a home language). SLI students must first gain language fluency in a new visuospatial modality and then move between spoken and signed modalities as they interpret. As a result, many students plateau before reaching working fluency, and SLI training program drop-out rates are high. However, we know little about the requisite skills to become a successful interpreter: the few existing studies investigating SLI aptitude in terms of linguistic and cognitive skills lack baseline measures. Here we report a 3-year exploratory longitudinal skills assessments study with British Sign Language (BSL)-English SLI students at two universities (n = 33). Our aims were two-fold: first, to better understand the prerequisite skills that lead to successful SLI outcomes; second, to better understand how signing and interpreting skills impact other aspects of cognition. A battery of tasks was completed at four time points to assess skills, including but not limited to: multimodal and unimodal working memory, 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional mental rotation (MR), and English comprehension. Dependent measures were BSL and SLI course grades, BSL reproduction tests, and consecutive SLI tasks. Results reveal that initial BSL proficiency and 2D-MR were associated with selection for the degree program, while visuospatial working memory was linked to continuing with the program. 3D-MR improved throughout the degree, alongside some limited gains in auditory, visuospatial, and multimodal working memory tasks. Visuospatial working memory and MR were the skills closest associated with BSL and SLI outcomes, particularly those tasks involving sign language production, thus, highlighting the importance of cognition related to the visuospatial modality. These preliminary data will inform SLI training programs, from applicant selection to curriculum design.
    • Corporate insolvency practitioners: Ethics and fiduciary duties

      Jacobs, Lezelle; Omar, Paul; Gant, Jennifer (Edward Elgar, 2021-08-10)
      The Corporate Insolvency Practitioner (CIP) forms an integral part in the success and outcome of any Insolvency Procedure. The exact nature of the role played by the CIP depends on a number of factors, including the type of proceedings. In most jurisdictions, where an element of management displacement occurs during the proceedings, the CIP will be regarded as a fiduciary. The word ‘fiduciary’ is, however, not definitive of a single class of relationships to which a fixed set of rules and principles apply. It is necessary to determine the rules that govern each class of fiduciary relationship. This chapter examines the fiduciary nature of the CIP’s role and the fiduciary duties often associated with his/her office as well as the biggest practical stumbling blocks. The role of the rescue professional as a CIP is particularly complex as it involves the consideration of issues that involve corporate and company law as well as insolvency law. The beneficiaries of the fiduciary duties of CIPs are also analysed with reference to the main Insolvency Law theories and a new theory of Insolvency Law is offered: the Enlightened Creditor Value Approach. It soon becomes apparent that the role of the CIP and his/her fiduciary duties are numerous and complex. The efficacy of a well drafted code of ethics as guidance is considered as a possible aide in the quest for appropriate conduct by the CIP.
    • Investigating the effects of service recovery strategies on consumer forgiveness and post-trust in the food delivery sector

      Gannon, Martin; Taheri, Babak; Thompson, Jamie; Rahimi, Roya; Okumus, Bendegul (Elsevier, 2022-09-07)
      Underpinned by coping theory, this study investigates the extent to which service recovery strategies (e.g., firm-level apologies; compensation; feedback loops) stimulate customer forgiveness and post-trust following service failure. Adopting a two-stage explanatory sequential mixed-method, it investigates the interplay between prior knowledge of service providers, service failure incident familiarity, recovery strategies, forgiveness, and consumer evaluations within an Iranian food delivery platform. Survey responses (n = 925) reveal the role of recovery strategies in stimulating forgiveness and post-trust following service failure. Multi-group analyses reveal gender differences therein. Quantitative findings are extended narratively by customer interviews (n = 45), which suggest proactive, open, and immediate recovery protocol enactment holds greatest value in avoiding negative consumer responses to service failure, mitigating negative outcomes (e.g., anger, frustration). This study thus expands extant understanding of foodservice platform consumption behaviors, providing valuable practical insight for industry stakeholders with regards to the nuances of service failure and recovery in the digital age.
    • The relevance and impact of business schools: In search of a holistic view

      Redgrave, Samuel; Grinevich, Vadim; Chao, Dorrie (Wiley, 2022-08-19)
      The degree to which business schools are relevant and impactful for society has been disputed. Critics that engage in the so-called ‘relevance problem’ have argued that business schools are preoccupied with academic rigour at the expense of practical relevance, resulting in a lack of societal impact. This systematic literature review synthesizes the fragmented body of knowledge pertaining to the relevance and impact of business schools. Appreciating the contributions of both research and education, this review offers a holistic view that acknowledges the multidimensional nature of business schools. Based on an analysis of 266 journal articles, we present the four main literature streams in this domain. We find limited evidence of cross-fertilisation between discussions of research and education. However, by acknowledging the contribution of applying a multidimensional lens to the study of business schools, we develop a holistic thematic framework that provides theoretical directions for the future. Using this, we demonstrate four avenues for advancing the business school literature. First, we emphasise the potential of an institutional logics perspective to viewing business schools. Second, we offer a novel proposal for understanding the bridge between research and education. Third, we emphasise the application of a value co-creation theoretical lens when considering how business schools engage with stakeholders in research and education. Finally, we propose an all-encompassing stakeholder-centric definition of relevant and impactful knowledge and advocate for this inclusive definition to conceptually bridge the fragmented discussions of research and education.
    • Urban Europe, precarious futures? Introduction to the special issue

      Sissons, Paul; Jarvis, David; Ferreira, Jennifer (SAGE, 2022-09-06)
    • Postal testimonies from concentration camps: an often-neglected source

      Steinert, Johannes-Dieter (Yad Vashem, 2022-09-01)
      Review of Heinz Wewer, Spuren des Terrors: Postalische Zeugnisse zum System der deutschen Konzentrationslager
    • Arts, science and technology in the ISSM project and exhibition

      Doyle, Denise; Glover, Richard; Khechara, Martin; Groes, Sebastian (ISEA International, 2022-06-10)
      In 2019 a team of multi-disciplinary researchers undertook a research project entitled Identifying Successful STARTS Methodologies (ISSM) (2019-2021)1 in order to analyze the innovative and collaborative strategies utilized by the global Science, Technology and Arts (=STARTS) Prize Winners and nominees. The aim was to identify and articulate successful STARTS Methodologies through a series of interviews and in-depth case studies of the recognized projects. The project culminated in a series of case studies and an exhibition at the Made in Wolves Gallery at the University of Wolverhampton, UK, and further presented at UK Garden of Earthly Delights at Ars Electronica in 2020. The project identified three emerging themes: the significance of building a new language of art and science through a third space, the process of anti-disciplinarity as an emergent form of practice, and the importance of different ways of knowing through art and science. A number of the case studies and themes are presented here alongside images from the exhibition.