Anthropometric indicators of adiposity related to body weight and body shape as cardiometabolic risk predictors in British young adults: Superiority of waist-to-height ratio
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractFrequently reported poor dietary habits of young adults increase their risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Excess adiposity is the most established predictor of MetS, and numerous anthropometric measures have been proposed as proxy indicators of adiposity. We aimed to assess prevalence of MetS in young adult population and to make comparison between weight- and shape-oriented measures of adiposity to identify the best index in association with measured body fat and as a risk predictor for MetS. Healthy males and females aged 18-25 years from the Northwest of England were recruited using convenience sampling (<i>n</i>=550). As part of the assessment of the overall health of young adults, the biochemical variables and adiposity measures BMI, waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), new BMI, Body Adiposity Index (BAI), Clinica Universidad de Navarra-Body Adiposity Estimator (CUN-BAE), and A Body Shape Index (ABSI) were assessed. Linear regression analysis was used to investigate the association between the proxy indices of adiposity and measured percentage body fat. The odds ratio with 95% confidence interval was used to investigate the relationship between cardiometabolic (CM) risk factors and proxy measures of adiposity. The discriminatory power of these measures for diagnosis of MetS was investigated using area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. Body weight-related indicators of adiposity, particularly CUN-BAE, had stronger association with measured body fat compared with body shape-related indices. In relation with MetS, body shape-related indices, particularly elevated WC and WHtR, had stronger associations with CM risk compared with body weight-related measures. Amongst all indices, the best predictor for CM risk was WHtR, while ABSI had the weakest correlation with body fat, MetS, and CM risk. Indices directly associated with WC and specifically WHtR had greater diagnostic power in detection of CM risk in young adults.
CitationAmirabdollahian, F. and Haghighatdoost, F. (2018) Anthropometric Indicators of Adiposity Related to Body Weight and Body Shape as Cardiometabolic Risk Predictors in British Young Adults: Superiority of Waist-to-Height Ratio. Journal of Obesity, 2018, Article ID 8370304. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/8370304
JournalJournal of obesity
PubMed ID30515323 (pubmed)
Description© 2018 The Authors. Published by Hindawi. This is an open access article available under a Creative Commons licence. The published version can be accessed at the following link on the publisher’s website: https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/8370304
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Licence for published version: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
- Anthropometric Indicators of Adiposity Related to Body Weight and Body Shape as Cardiometabolic Risk Predictors in British Young Adults: Superiority of Waist-to-Height Ratio.
- Authors: Amirabdollahian F, Haghighatdoost F
- Issue date: 2018
- The Usefulness of Anthropometric Indices to Identify the Risk of Metabolic Syndrome.
- Authors: Suliga E, Ciesla E, Głuszek-Osuch M, Rogula T, Głuszek S, Kozieł D
- Issue date: 2019 Oct 29
- Anthropometric indices and cut-off points for screening of metabolic syndrome among South African taxi drivers.
- Authors: Sekgala MD, Opperman M, Mpahleni B, Mchiza ZJ
- Issue date: 2022
- Predicting value of five anthropometric measures in metabolic syndrome among Jiangsu Province, China.
- Authors: Tian T, Zhang J, Zhu Q, Xie W, Wang Y, Dai Y
- Issue date: 2020 Aug 31