Reliability, validity, and gender invariance of the exercise benefits/barriers scale: An emerging evidence for a more concise research tool
AbstractThe Exercise Benefits/Barriers Scale (EBBS) research instrument has been extensively used to investigate the perceived benefits and barriers of exercise in a range of settings. In order to examine theoretical contentions and translate the findings, it is imperative to implement measurement tools that operationalize the constructs in an accurate and reliable way. The original validation of the EBBS proposed a nine-factor structure for the research tool, examined the EBBS factor structure, and suggested that various factors are important for the testing of the perception of exercise benefits and barriers, whereas a few items and factors may not be vital. The current study conducted a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) using hierarchical testing in 565 participants from the northwest region of the United Kingdom, the results of which provided evidence for a four-factor structure of the benefits measure, with the Comparative Fit Index (CFI) = 0.943, Tucker-Lewis Index (TLI) = 0.933, and root means square error of approximation (RMSEA) = 0.051, namely life enhancement, physical performance, psychological outlook, and social interaction, as well as a two-factor structure of the barrier measures, with the CFI = 0.953, TLI = 0.931, and RMSEA = 0.063, including exercise milieu and time expenditure. Our findings showed that for a six-factor correlated model, the CFI = 0.930, TLI = 0.919, and RMSEA = 0.046. The multi-group CFA provided support for gender invariance. The results indicated that after three decades of the original validation of the EBBS, many of the core factors and items are still relevant for the assessment of higher-order factors; however, the 26-item concise tool proposed in the current study displays a better parsimony in comparison with the original 43-item questionnaire. Overall, the current study provides support for a reliable, cross-culturally valid EBBS within the UK adult population, however, it proposes a shorter and more concise version compared with the original tool, and gives direction for future research to focus on the content validity for assessing the perception of the barriers to physical activity.
CitationKoehn S, Amirabdollahian F. (2021) Reliability, Validity, and Gender Invariance of the Exercise Benefits/Barriers Scale: An Emerging Evidence for a More Concise Research Tool. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(7):3516. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073516
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
PubMed ID33805265 (pubmed)
Description© 2021 The Authors. Published by MDPI. This is an open access article available under a Creative Commons licence. The published version can be accessed at the following link on the publisher’s website: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073516
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Licence for published version: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
- Reliability, Validity, and Gender Invariance of the Exercise Benefits/Barriers Scale: An Emerging Evidence for a More Concise Research Tool.
- Authors: Koehn S, Amirabdollahian F
- Issue date: 2021 Mar 29
- Factorial validity, measurement and structure invariance of the Malay language decisional balance scale in exercise across gender.
- Authors: Kuan G, Sabo A, Sawang S, Kueh YC
- Issue date: 2020
- Measuring Electronic Health Literacy: Development, Validation, and Test of Measurement Invariance of a Revised German Version of the eHealth Literacy Scale.
- Authors: Marsall M, Engelmann G, Skoda EM, Teufel M, Bäuerle A
- Issue date: 2022 Feb 2
- The Chinese version of the Perceived Stress Questionnaire: development and validation amongst medical students and workers.
- Authors: Meng R, Li J, Wang Z, Zhang D, Liu B, Luo Y, Hu Y, Yu C
- Issue date: 2020 Mar 13