Developing a toolkit for increasing the participation of black, Asian and minority ethnic communities in health and social care research
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AbstractBackground: It is recognised that Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) populations are generally underrepresented in research studies. The key objective of this work was to develop an evidence based, practical toolkit to help researchers maximise recruitment of BAME groups in research. Methods: Development of the toolkit was an iterative process overseen by an expert steering group. Key steps included a detailed literature review, feedback from focus groups (including researchers and BAME community members) and further workshops and communication with participants to review the draft and final versions. Results: Poor recruitment of BAME populations in research is due to complex reasons, these include factors such as inadequate attention to recruitment strategies and planning, poor engagement with communities and individuals due to issues such as cultural competency of researchers, historical poor experience of participating in research, and lack of links with community networks. Other factors include language issues, relevant expertise in research team and a lack of adequate resources that might be required in recruitment of BAME populations. Conclusions: A toolkit was developed with key sections providing guidance on planning research and ensuring adequate engagement of communities and individuals. Together with sections suggesting how the research team can address training needs and adopt best practice. Researchers highlighted the issue of funding and how best to address BAME recruitment in grant applications, so a section on preparing a grant application was also included. The final toolkit document is practical, and includes examples of best practice and ‘top tips’ for researchers.
CitationFarooqi, A., Jutlla, K., Raghavan, R. et al. (2022) Developing a toolkit for increasing the participation of black, Asian and minority ethnic communities in health and social care research. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 22, 17 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-021-01489-2
JournalBMC Medical Research Methodology
PubMed ID35026996 (pubmed)
Description© 2022 The Authors. Published by Springer. This is an open access article available under a Creative Commons licence. The published version can be accessed at the following link on the publisher’s website: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-021-01489-2
SponsorsFunding was received from the East Midlands Academic Health Sciences Network (AHSN) and the East Midlands Clinical Research Network, of the National Institute of Health research (NIHR).
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Licence for published version: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
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