Country indicators moderating the relationship between phubbing and psychological distress: A study in 20 countries
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Abreu, Ana Maria
Blanca, María J
Babič, Nenad Č
Vanden Abeele, Mariek MP
Wu, Anise MS
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AbstractProblematic mobile phone use can be related to negative mental states. Some studies indicate that behavioural dependency is related to variables associated with the country of origin. The aim of our study was to investigate if country indicators moderated the relationship between phubbing and psychological distress. Our sample consisted of 7,315 individuals from 20 countries, who completed the Phubbing Scale and the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6). The analyses also included country indicators: the Gender Gap Index (GGI), the Human Development Index (HDI), the Social Progress Index (SPI), Hofstede’s dimensions of culture, and the World Happiness Index (WHI). Our results showed that psychological distress was related to at least one dimension of phubbing (i.e., to communication disturbance or phone obsession) in all countries, which means this relationship is culturally universal. The results of the study demonstrate the importance of testing measurement invariance to determine what type of analysis and what type of conclusion are valid in a given study or comparison. Moreover, the increasing or decreasing correlation between phubbing and distress is related to some culture-level indices.
CitationBłachnio A, Przepiórka A, Gorbaniuk O, McNeill M, Bendayan R, Durak M, Senol-Durak E, Ben-Ezra M, Benvenuti M, Angeluci A, Abreu AM, Makita M, Blanca MJ, Brkljacic T, Babič NČ, Gorbaniuk J, Holdoš J, Ivanova A, Malik S, Milanovic A, Musil B, Pantic I, Rando B, Seidman G, D’Souza L, Vanden Abeele MMP, Wołońciej M, Wu AMS, Yu S and Mazzoni E (2021) Country Indicators Moderating the Relationship Between Phubbing and Psychological Distress: A Study in 20 Countries. Frontiers in Psychology 12:588174. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.588174
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Description© 2021 The Authors. Published by Frontiers Media. This is an open access article available under a Creative Commons licence. The published version can be accessed at the following link on the publisher’s website: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.588174
SponsorsThis study was financed by the National Science Centre, Poland, grant no. NCN UMO-2017/26/M/HS6/00779. In Brazil, the data collection was partly funded by the Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) under the grant number 424802/2016-3.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/