Girls In the juvenile Justice system in England and Wales, 2002-17
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AbstractThis paper addresses a gap in the literature on youth justice in England and Wales by examining disaggregated patterns of juvenile court processing (i.e., proven offences) and custody. It provides new evidence to show that gendered effects are best observed over time. Looking at juvenile justice data over time allows us to see the effects of policy that are obscured in the short-term. This is especially important when considering small and specific populations, such as girls. It is often assumed that policy impacts smaller groups in the justice system (in this case, girls) in the same way as the larger group (in this case, boys), with boys’ experiences representing the norm (Estrada et al. 2016). In this paper, we call into question that assumption by considering female and male proven offences and juvenile custody over time in England and Wales and show why gendered impacts should be given proper consideration (Sherman & Black 2015). We also examine changes in the gender gap in proven offences and juvenile custody over time.
CitationElaine Arnull, Jihye Park & Karen Heimer (2023) Girls in the juvenile justice system in England and Wales, 2002–2017, Journal of Youth Studies, 26(1), pp. 19-42, DOI: 10.1080/13676261.2021.1970723
PublisherTaylor & Francis
JournalJournal of Youth Studies
DescriptionThis is an accepted manuscript of an article published by Taylor and Francis in Journal of Youth Studies on 02/09/2021, available online: https://doi.org/10.1080/13676261.2021.1970723 The accepted version of the publication may differ from the final published version.
SponsorsThis work was not supported by external funding but unique data were created and supplied by the Youth Justice Board, Ministry of Justice and Office for National Statistics for this research.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/