Impact of the coronavirus infectious disease (COVID-19) pandemic on the provision of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) antenatal care and outcomes of pregnancies in women with IBD
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Chew, Then Soon
Patel, Kamal V
Kent, Alexandra J
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractBackground The impact of COVID-19 on pregnant Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) patients is currently unknown. Reconfiguration of services during the pandemic may negatively affect medical and obstetric care. We aimed to examine the impacts on IBD antenatal care and pregnancy outcomes. Methods Retrospective data were recorded in consecutive patients attending for IBD antenatal care including outpatient appointments, infusion unit visits and advice line encounters. Results We included 244 pregnant women with IBD, of which 75 (30.7%) were on biologics in whom the treatment was stopped in 29.3% at a median 28 weeks gestation. In addition 9% of patients were on corticosteroids and 21.5% continued on thiopurines. The care provided during 460 patient encounters was not affected by the pandemic in 94.1% but 68.2% were performed via telephone (compared to 3% pre-pandemic practice; p<0.0001). One-hundred-ten women delivered 111 alive babies (mean 38.2 weeks gestation, mean birthweight 3324grams) with 12 (11.0%) giving birth before week 37. Birth occurred by vaginal delivery in 72 (56.4%) and by caesarean section in 48 (43.6%) cases. Thirty three were elective (12 for IBD indications) and 15 emergency caesarean sections. Breast feeding rates were low (38.6%). Amongst 244 pregnant women with IBD 1 suspected COVID-19 infection was recorded. Conclusion IBD antenatal care adjustments during the COVID-19 pandemic have not negatively affected patient care. Despite high levels of immunosuppression only a single COVID-19 infection occurred. Adverse pregnancy outcomes were infrequent.
CitationSelinger, C.P. et al. (2021) The impact of the Coronavirus infectious disease (COVID-19) pandemic on the provision of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) antenatal care and outcomes of pregnancies in women with IBD. BMJ Open Gastroenterology, 8(1) :e000603. doi:10.1136/ bmjgast-2021-000603
JournalBMJ Open Gastroenterology
Description© 2021 The Authors. Published by BMJ. This is an open access article available under a Creative Commons licence. The published version can be accessed at the following link on the publisher’s website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjgast-2021-000603
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/