Age-related responses in circulating markers of redox status in healthy adolescents and adults during the course of a training macrocycle
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AbstractRedox status changes during an annual training cycle in young and adult track and field athletes and possible differences between the two age groups were assessed. Forty-six individuals (24 children and 22 adults) were assigned to four groups: trained adolescents, (TAD, N=13), untrained adolescents (UAD, N=11), trained adults (TA, N=12), and untrained adults (UA, N=10). Aerobic capacity and redox status related variables [total antioxidant capacity (TAC), glutathione (GSH), catalase activity, TBARS, protein carbonyls (PC), uric acid, and bilirubin] were assessed at rest and in response to a time-trial bout before training, at mid- and posttraining. TAC, catalase activity, TBARS, PC, uric acid, and bilirubin increased and GSH declined in all groups in response to acute exercise independent of training status and age. Training improved aerobic capacity, TAC, and GSH at rest and in response to exercise. Age affected basal and exercise-induced responses since adults demonstrated a greater TAC and GSH levels at rest and a greater rise of TBARS, protein carbonyls, and TAC and decline of GSH in response to exercise. Catalase activity, uric acid, and bilirubin responses were comparable among groups. These results suggest that acute exercise, age, and training modulate the antioxidant reserves of the body.
CitationZalavras, A., Fatouros, I.G., Deli, C.K et al. (2015) Age-related responses in circulating markers of redox status in healthy adolescents and adults during the course of a training macrocycle, Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 2015, 283921. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/283921
JournalOxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
PubMed ID25945150 (pubmed)
Description© 2015 The Authors. Published by Hindawi. This is an open access article available under a Creative Commons licence. The published version can be accessed at the following link on the publisher’s website: https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/283921
SponsorsThis study was supported by a grant received by Bodosakis Foundation (Greece) for instrument purchase and Grant funding CE-80739.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Licence for published version: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
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