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dc.contributor.authorBalasubramaniam, Krishna N
dc.contributor.authorMarty, Pascal R
dc.contributor.authorSamartino, Shelby
dc.contributor.authorSobrino, Alvaro
dc.contributor.authorGill, Taniya
dc.contributor.authorIsmail, Mohammed
dc.contributor.authorSaha, Rajarshi
dc.contributor.authorBeisner, Brianne A
dc.contributor.authorKaburu, Stefano
dc.contributor.authorBliss-Moreau, Eliza
dc.contributor.authorArlet, Malgorzata E
dc.contributor.authorRuppert, Nadine
dc.contributor.authorIsmail, Ahmad
dc.contributor.authorShah, Sahrul Anuar Mohd
dc.contributor.authorMohan, Lalit
dc.contributor.authorRattan, Sandeep
dc.contributor.authorKodandaramaiah, Ullasa
dc.contributor.authorMcCowan, Brenda
dc.identifier.citationBalasubramaniam, K.N., Marty, P.R., Samartino, S. et al. (2020) Impact of individual demographic and social factors on human–wildlife interactions: a comparative study of three macaque species. Scientific Reports 10, 21991.
dc.description© 2020 The Authors. Published by Springer Nature. This is an open access article available under a Creative Commons licence. The published version can be accessed at the following link on the publisher’s website:
dc.description.abstractDespite increasing conflict at human-wildlife interfaces, there exists little research on how the attributes and behavior of individual wild animals may influence human-wildlife interactions. Adopting a comparative approach, we examined the impact of animals’ life-history and social attributes on interactions between humans and (peri)urban macaques in Asia. For 10 groups of rhesus, long-tailed, and bonnet macaques, we collected social behavior, spatial data, and human-interaction data for 11-20 months on pre-identified individuals. Mixed-model analysis revealed that, across all species, males and spatially peripheral individuals interacted with humans the most, and that high-ranking individuals initiated more interactions with humans than low-rankers. Among bonnet macaques, but not rhesus or long-tailed macaques, individuals who were more well-connected in their grooming network interacted more frequently with humans than less well-connected individuals. From an evolutionary perspective, our results suggest that individuals incurring lower costs related to their life-history (males) and resource-access (high rank; strong social connections within a socially tolerant macaque species), but also higher costs on account of compromising the advantages of being in the core of their group (spatial periphery), are the most likely to take risks by interacting with humans in anthropogenic environments. From a conservation perspective, evaluating individual behavior will better inform efforts to minimize conflict-related costs and zoonotic-risk.en
dc.publisherSpringer Natureen
dc.subjecthuman-wildlife interactionsen
dc.subjecthuman-macacque interactionsen
dc.titleImpact of individual demographic and social factors on human-wildlife interactions: a comparative study of three macaque speciesen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.identifier.journalScientific Reportsen
rioxxterms.funderNational Science Foundationen

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