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AbstractThe rapid evolution in biomaterial performance over the last decade calls for an ever-increasing need in the classification of their functionalities. In many cases, emerging biomaterials are expected to be multifunctional, customizable, and biologically active. It is also likely that the future of biomaterials will assume even greater roles in terms of their bioactive capabilities making it all the more difficult to be regulated. As such a functional classification of biomaterials allows to consider both the safety, performance, and application while facilitating the selection of the best candidate material. Although every biomaterial undergoes rigorous experimental evaluation, they are often classified similarly to conventional materials based on their composition. This contributes to the challenges in biomaterials selection, evaluation, and use, which can subsequently lead to convoluted regulations, and inherent biases. The paper, therefore, provides a general introduction into the classification of biomaterials based on their functionalities. In this regard, the biomaterial qualifiers are introduced and summarized into an overall framework in a way that allows for meaningful classification. Furthermore, the framework that is presented can accommodate both traditional and emerging biomaterials based on their existing biomechanical performance and evolving functionalities.
CitationArjunan, A., Baroutaji, A., Praveen, A.S., Robinson, J. and Wang, C. (2020) Classification of biomaterial functionality, Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-815732-9.00027-9
TypeChapter in book
DescriptionThis is an accepted manuscript of a chapter published by Elsevier in Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering on 22/10/2020, available online: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-815732-9.00027-9 The accepted version of the publication may differ from the final published version
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/