Type of diabetes mellitus and health-related quality of life in Nigeria: ethnic and sex differences
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AbstractThis study examined quality of life (QoL) differences among diabetic patients in Nigeria by ethnicity, gender and type of diabetes. A total of (N=486) out-patients with diabetes mellitus DM; (type 1=16%, females =71%, Igbo =25% Hausa =22%, Yoruba =32%, Others = 21%, age range 18 to 65) completed the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQoL) questionnaire. A 4x2x2 (Ethnicity x Gender x Diabetes Type) analysis of variance showed no significant interactions but all main effects were significant. By gender, males had higher QoL scores for compared to females with both Type 2. Type 1 diabetes. The analysis by ethnicity the Yoruba ethnic group reported the highest QoL followed by the Igbo and Hausa groups (which do not differ significantly from each other), with lowest QoL scores for Other ethnic groups. Interventions for diabetes control should take into account ethnic, gender and diabetes type differences to optimize the QoL outcomes.
CitationDavid, O.P., Edgar, G., Catherwood, D. and Taiwo, A.O. (2020) Type of Diabetes Mellitus and health-related quality of life in Nigeria: ethnic and sex differences, Journal of Psychology in Africa, 30(6), pp. 529-534.
JournalJournal of Psychology in Africa
DescriptionThis is an accepted manuscript of an article published by National Inquiry Services Centre (NISC)/Routledge in Journal of Psychology in Africa on 09/12/2020, available online at: https://doi.org/10.1080/14330237.2020.1842518 The accepted version of the publication may differ from the final published version.
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