Deformation and energy absorption of additively manufactured functionally graded thickness thin-walled circular tubes under lateral crushing
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AbstractFunctionally graded thickness (FGT) is an innovative concept to create light-weight structures with better material distribution and promising energy absorption characteristics suitable for vehicle crashworthiness applications. Accordingly, this paper suggests innovative circular tubes with in-plane thickness gradient along their perimeter and assesses their crashworthiness behaviour under lateral loading. Three different designs of circular tubes with thickness gradient were considered in which the locations of maximum and minimum thicknesses are varied. Selective laser melting method of additive manufacturing was used to manufacture the different tubes. Two different bulk powders including titanium (Ti6Al4V) and aluminium (AlSi10Mg) were used in the manufacturing process. Quasi-static crush experiments were conducted on the laser melted tubes to investigate their crushing and energy absorption behaviour. The energy absorption characteristics of the different FGT tubes were calculated and compared against a uniform thickness design. The results revealed that the best crashworthiness metrics were offered by FGT titanium tube in which the maximum thickness regions were along the horizontal and vertical directions while the minimum thickness regions were at an angle of 45° with respect to the loading direction. The aforementioned tube was found to absorb 79% greater energy per unit mass than its uniform thickness counterpart. Finally, with the aid of numerical simulations and surrogate modelling techniques, multi-objective optimisation and parametric analysis were conducted on the best FGT tube. The influences of the geometrical parameters on the crashworthiness responses of the best FGT structure were explored and the optimal thickness gradient parameters were determined. The results reported in this paper provide valuable guidance on the design of FGT energy absorption tubes for lateral deformation.
CitationBaroutaji, A., Arjunan, A., Stanford, M., Robinson, J. and Olabi, A.G. (2020) Deformation and energy absorption of additively manufactured functionally graded thickness thin-walled circular tubes under lateral crushing, Engineering Structures, 226, 111324.
DescriptionThis is an accepted manuscript of an article published by Elsevier in Engineering Structures on 10/10/2020, available online: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2020.111324 The accepted version of the publication may differ from the final published version
SponsorsUniversity of Wolverhampton early research award scheme (ERAS)
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/