Development of a model for health and safety management in Saudi Arabian oil and gas construction projects
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractHealth and safety is regarded as the foundation of the construction and production process in the oil and gas sector. However, in the Saudi Arabian oil and gas construction industry, this very foundation is threatened by the proliferation of work-related hazards that leave workers permanently or temporarily incapacitated. In comparison with other industrial sectors, workers on oil and gas construction sites are at greater risk of facing a variety of health and safety related risks, and that is the reason why it is essential to prevent the increasing level of accidents on these sites. Although, efforts were made to minimize exposure to such risks in the Saudi oil and gas sector, there is still a need for radical changes in the way the sector approaches health and safety issues. In this regard, this study examines the effectiveness of existing health and safety measures followed in Saudi Arabia, while looking at critical areas that require immediate attention as well as new measures that can be implemented to improve in those areas. To achieve this, both quantitative and qualitative research methods were used. For the quantitative research, questionnaires were designed and distributed to 300 respondents who work in construction companies in Saudi Arabia. For the purposes of obtaining answers from relevant respondents, construction companies who have experience from working on oil and gas construction projects were targeted. A total of 200 questionnaires were completed and returned. The quantitative data was analysed by descriptive and inferential statistics using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software. For the qualitative data, semi-structured interviews were conducted with nine professionals purposely selected due to their knowledge, years of experience and familiarity with health and safety policies and standards on oil and gas construction sites. The analysis of the qualitative data was achieved using qualitative data analysis software QSR Nvivo. During qualitative data analysis, thematic analysis was adopted to build themes from the data which formed the basis for the presentation of the results from this research. Findings from the research suggest that all participants are of the view that oil and gas construction projects have more health and safety issues compared to average construction projects. It was found that the nature of the oil and gas industry coupled with the risky nature of construction activities presented higher risk which led to increased health and safety issues when constructing in the sector. The results also indicated that there was a low level of involvement from the construction site teams and workers in the development of health and safety policies for oil and gas construction projects. It was also identified that there was very poor adherence to health and safety standards and regulations on oil and gas construction sites due to little or no understanding of requirements andprocedures, as well as the advantages of adhering to such. Poor enforcement of government legislation was also identified to be another major cause for the poor health and safety performance of oil and gas construction projects. Based on the aforementioned results and the findings obtained from literature, a framework was developed to ensure that health and safety was properly institutionalised throughout the processes undertaken by construction firms during project management. The framework recommends both corporate level and project level policies that could facilitate the adoption and implementation of health and safety guidelines on construction projects in the oil and gas sector. An implementation guide was equally presented alongside the framework in view that it would ensure that users covered all the necessary areas in terms of health and safety and that all parties were involved in the process. The research concludes that construction projects in the oil and gas sector are riskier and demand approaches and strategies specific to the type of projects undertaken. The study finally recommends that further research should be undertaken to propose alternative models and national level legislative framework for enhanced health and safety guarantee especially in the Saudi oil and gas construction industry.
PublisherUniversity of Wolverhampton
TypeThesis or dissertation
DescriptionA thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the University of Wolverhampton for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
SponsorsRoyal Embassy of Saudi Arabia Cultural Bureau.
The following licence applies to the copyright and re-use of this item:
- Creative Commons
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Examining the direct effect of the use of traffic safety technologies in Abu Dhabi highways on other traffic safety dimensionsGeorgakis, Panagiotis; Al Junaibi, Musallem M; Mushatat, Sabah (JTLE, 2017-06-30)his paper presents the findings of a study, implemented in Abu Dhabi, which aimed to examine the direct effects of the use of traffic safety technologies on the mitigation of risks associated with traffic accidents. The study adopted the use of a questionnaire-based survey with traffic safety experts in Abu Dhabi Emirate. The views of more than a hundred respondents were collected on areas such as the status of existing traffic safety technologies in Abu Dhabi’s highway network, the impact of traffic safety technologies on enforcement, existing highway design practices, effects of driver education on safety and the impact of safety technologies on the efficiency of emergency responses. Factor analysis and Freidman tests were employed for the interrogation of the data in order to extract findings from the views of different experts on the aforementioned areas. The analysis showed that the deployment of traffic safety technologies has a positive impact on the efficiency of enforcement practices and improvements on traffic safety, and on enhancing operators’ efficiency and capability in taking appropriate and prompt action in situations calling for emergency responses. Moreover, speed cameras and VMS deployment are highly favoured in addressing engineering design shortfalls. Also, training and awareness enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of traffic safety technologies.
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE DEPLOYMENT OF TRAFFIC SAFETY TECHNOLOGIES IN ABU DHABI HIGHWAYSAl Junaibi, Musallem (2016-05)There has been a good effort made in Abu Dhabi for the last couple of years between government stakeholders to develop a road safety strategy, define rules and responsibilities, and gain a fully coordinated and integrated framework to deal with road safety. According to my point of view, the challenges that might be seen as a problem for the future development of Abu Dhabi can be the management and the usage of traffic safety technologies to reduce serious road traffic accidents. This study focused on the relationship between the use of traffic safety technologies and serious road traffic accidents on Abu Dhabi Highways. The motivation for this research is to implement correctly the traffic safety technologies in Abu Dhabi highways as a part of the need to adopt plans, programmes, and preventive measures to reduce or prevent the occurrence of traffic accidents in order to ensure the safety of individuals and property, in addition to preserving the security of the state and its human and economic components. The overall approach to this study is a mixed methodology, which combines quantitative and qualitative methods. A questionnaire is one method used in this regard, and is designed to be quantitative. In the quantitative method, comparing statistics of fatalities and injuries before and after installation of the speed cameras is used. As a result of this study and by making the connectivity between reviewing the results and findings of the literature review, identifying the questionnaire results, and exploring the before and after statistics led to findings which were used to develop a decision support framework that can be used to advise the regional safety strategy to be sustainable. The design framework was also validated through Abu Dhabi highways by a panel of experts, which was carried out using the focus group method, which was qualitative in nature. It is recommended from this research to invest much in traffic safety technologies, focus more on driver support systems and rapid response systems, improve driver behaviour as a priority in Abu Dhabi highways using traffic safety technologies, and integrate the compatibility of all of the above through an integrated system and specific performance indicators that are measured and followed up on an ongoing basis, and supported by geographic information systems (GIS).
AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CONSTRUCTION (DESIGN AND MANAGEMENT) REGULATIONS IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRYMzyece, Dingayo (2015-01)The European Union (EU), in 1992, issued the Temporary or Mobile Construction Sites (TMCS) Directive, which requires EU members to introduce specific law to improve health and safety (H&S) performance outcomes by placing specific duties on key stakeholders. This Directive led to the introduction of the first Construction (Design and Management) (CDM) Regulations in the UK construction industry on 31 March 1995 and since their introduction, the overall performance of construction H&S has improved gradually. However, despite this positive outlook, there are still significant concerns surrounding the implementation of the CDM Regulations, a subject on which empirical research has been very scanty. It is against such a background that this study investigates the practical implementation of the CDM Regulations and extends current knowledge and understanding, and develops a framework for appropriate remedial action by industry. The research method involved a thorough critical review of literature, semi-structured interviews, and two postal questionnaire surveys, using as research informants, practitioners with experience of the Designer, CDM Coordinator (CDM-C), and Principal Contractor (PC) roles under the CDM Regulations. Primary data were collected and analysed from in-depth interviews with six organisations purposively selected based on their construction design expertise and 122 questionnaires returned in total. The finding regarding lack of collaborative working amongst duty holders is a significant outcome of this study; a requirement expressed explicitly within the CDM Regulations, yet questionable in terms of its implementation. Further, the study reveals a number of statistically significant correlations between the extent of discharge of duties and their perceived degree of importance. However, the strength of the majority of these correlations is weak. In particular, the evidence indicates that 50% of the duties of the CDM-C are misaligned in terms of extent of discharge and perceived degree of importance, whereas 25% of the PC duties are also misaligned. This signals a lack of understanding regarding the importance of duties, towards achieving improved H&S management. Surprisingly, a comparison between extent of discharge of duties and their perceived degree of difficulty reveals that all the duties of the PC are statistically significant, meaning that the perceived degree of difficulty does not impede their extent of discharge. While 90% of the CDM-C duties are also statistically significant, again the same interpretation applies. Further, a consensus reached by Designers supports the view that CDM-Cs provide insufficient input throughout the planning and construction phase, raising doubt as to whether the duty holder is fit for purpose. Overall, the results confirm that interdependent working of duty holders is still a challenge, demonstrated by the Designer duty to ensure appointment of the CDM-C (Regulation 18(1)), the CDM-C duty to ensure Designers comply with their duties (Regulation 20(2)(c)), and the PC duty to liaise with the CDM-C and Designer (Regulation 22(1)(b)). Three recurring themes emerge from the results, that is: (i) collaboration, (ii) accountability and compliance, and (iii) facilitation, which in turn inform the remedial action framework comprising 13 remedial actions and 8 change drivers. Validation of the remedial action framework by 15 study participants reveals that, at least 10 remedial actions and 7 change drivers are considered likely to improve CDM implementation. The top three remedial actions are: (i) ensuring adequate arrangements for coordination of H&S measures; (ii) including provisions within the regulations specifying the stages for the appointment of duty holders; and (iii) amending the ACoP to provide guidance on determining what resources are adequate for a particular project. Whereas, the top three change drivers are: (i) management leadership; (ii) the proactive participation of duty holders; and (iii) training to equip duty holders with sufficient knowledge on provision of timely and adequate preconstruction information. Based on these outcomes, conclusions, recommendations, and further areas of research are drawn.