Experimental investigation of the permeability and mechanical behaviours of chemically corroded limestone under different unloading conditions
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AbstractThis paper investigates the mechanical properties and permeability of chemically corroded rock during deep underground tunneling. Nuclear magnetic resonance tests are carried out to quantify the chemical damage of limestone samples at the microscopic scale. Coupled hydrostatic pressure-unloading tests at different unloading rates are also conducted on these chemically corroded limestone samples to investigate permeability changes and chemical effects on mechanical behaviours. Magnetic resonance imaging, T2 spectrum distribution and porosity of the samples are obtained, and the chemical micro damage is visualized and quantified. The relationship between permeability and mechanical behaviors of the rock under hydrochemical–mechanical coupled effects is investigated. The results show that the permeability development process of the chemical corroded samples can be divided into three stages: at the first stage, the permeability initially decreases, and the second stage starts at the inflection point of the permeability curve, from where the permeability begins to increase slightly. At the third stage, the permeability of the limestone increases dramatically until the sample is ruptured. Chemical corrosion and unloading rates have a combined and significant influence on the development of micro cracks in rocks, which is the root cause of the permeability changes. A stress-permeability model is proposed to describe the permeability and stresses in chemical-corroded limestone; this can be adopted for other sedimentary rocks.
CitationLi, H., Zhong, Z., Eshiet, K.I. et al. (2020) Experimental Investigation of the Permeability and Mechanical Behaviours of Chemically Corroded Limestone Under Different Unloading Conditions. Rock Mech Rock Eng 53, 1587–1603. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00603-019-01961-y
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
JournalRock Mechanics and Rock Engineering
Description© 2019 The Authors. Published by Springer. This is an open access article available under a Creative Commons licence. The published version can be accessed at the following link on the publisher’s website: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00603-019-01961-y
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/