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dc.contributor.authorFullen, Michael A.
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-18T13:15:57Z
dc.date.available2020-08-18T13:15:57Z
dc.date.issued2015-12-18
dc.identifier.citationFullen, M. A. (2015) Physical geography and closed loop recycling. Hungarian Geographical Bulletin, 64(4), pp. 301-306. https://doi.org/10.15201/hungeobull.64.4.4en
dc.identifier.issn2064-5031en
dc.identifier.doi10.15201/hungeobull.64.4.4en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/623498
dc.description© 2015 The Author. Published by Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences. This is an open access article available under a Creative Commons licence. The published version can be accessed at the following link on the publisher’s website: https://doi.org/10.15201/hungeobull.64.4.4en
dc.description.abstractThere is a growing body of research projects spanning over three decades that have provided insights into the concept of waste management, a topic standing in the focal point of environmental issues. In this paper, the ‘SHASEA Project,’ ‘BORASSUS Project,’ Yuanyang Project’ and ‘Cradle to Cradle BIZZ Project’ are summarized and integrated to present a revised philosophical view that nature has no concept of ‘waste.’The ‘Sustainable Highland Agricultural in South East Asia’ (SHASEA) Project funded by the European Union was established to promote sustainable agro-environmental development in the highlands of South-East Asia. The Project examined the eff ectiveness of selected agronomic and soil conservation treatments by using both modifi ed and novel cropping practises within farmer-managed small fi elds. The EU-funded BORASSUS Project was aimed to evaluate the long-term eff ectiveness of biological geotextiles in controlling soil erosion and assessing their sustainability and economic viability. Biological geotextiles off er potentially novel bioengineering solutions to environmental problems (e.g., soil conservation, sustainable plant production and improved ecosystem management). Biogeotextiles may provide socio-economic platforms for sustainable development and the benefi ts for developing countries. A complex and sustainable agro-environmental system of terraced rice paddy fi elds in Yuanyang developed by Hani minority people of Yunnan Province was the basis of the most illuminating projects which teaches us many lessons on waste management, the ‘Agro-environmental sustainability of the Yuanyang rice terraces of Yunnan Province, China’. The Hani people have maintained this intricate and elaborate system for over 1,300 years. If we can understand how this system is sustained, we can learn lessons which hopefully can be applied more generally. The innovative approach of ‘Cradle to Cradle’ (C2C) technology promotes and develops closed loop recycling. At the end of a useful life time, C2C items are disassembled and reassembled for other uses. Lessons from the ‘C2C BIZZ’ Project (funded by the EU ‘INTERREG IVB North West Europe Programme) are also reviewed in this study.en
dc.formatapplication/pdfen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherResearch Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciencesen
dc.relation.urlhttps://ojs.mtak.hu/index.php/hungeobull/article/view/2763en
dc.subjectbiogeotextilesen
dc.subjectcradle to cradleen
dc.subjectrecyclingen
dc.subjectresourcesen
dc.subjectwasteen
dc.titlePhysical geography and closed loop recyclingen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.identifier.eissn2064-5147
dc.identifier.journalHungarian Geographical Bulletinen
dc.date.updated2020-08-03T15:46:28Z
rioxxterms.funderUniversity of Wolverhamptonen
rioxxterms.identifier.projectUOW18082020MFen
rioxxterms.versionVoRen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2020-08-18en
dc.source.volume64
dc.source.issue4
dc.source.beginpage301
dc.source.endpage306
dc.description.versionPublished version
refterms.dateFCD2020-08-18T13:15:43Z
refterms.versionFCDVoR
refterms.dateFOA2020-08-18T13:15:58Z


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