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dc.contributor.authorAlves, ME
dc.contributor.authorMarinho, DA
dc.contributor.authorCarneiro, DN
dc.contributor.authorAlves, J
dc.contributor.authorForte, P
dc.contributor.authorNevill, AM
dc.contributor.authorMorais, JE
dc.date.accessioned2020-07-15T08:37:17Z
dc.date.available2020-07-15T08:37:17Z
dc.date.issued2020-04-23
dc.identifier.citationAlves, M.E.; Marinho, D.A.; Carneiro, D.N.; Alves, J.; Forte, P.; Nevill, A.M.; Morais, J.E. (2020) A Visual Scan Analysis Protocol for Postural Assessment at School in Young Students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2020, 17, 2915.en
dc.identifier.issn1660-4601en
dc.identifier.pmid32340242 (pubmed)
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/ijerph17082915en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/623348
dc.description© 2020 The Authors. Published by MDPI. This is an open access article available under a Creative Commons licence. The published version can be accessed at the following link on the publisher’s website: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082915en
dc.description.abstract© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. The aim of this study was to compare the X-ray diagnosis with a non-invasive method for spine alignment assessment adopting a visual scan analysis with a plumb line and simetograph in middle-school students. The sample of this study was composed of 31 males and 50 females with an average age of 14.23 (± 3.11) years. The visual scan analysis was assessed at a school; whereas, the X-ray was performed in a hospital. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to assess the differences between methods and scoliosis classifications (non-accentuated <10º and scoliosis >10º), and the Kappa was used to assess the agreement between methods. The comparisons between the methods revealed non-significant differences (z = −0.577; p = 0.564), with almost perfect agreement between tests (K = 0.821; p < 0.001). Moreover, no statistical significance was observed between methods by the scoliosis classification (z = −1.000; p = 0.317), with almost perfect agreement between tests (K = 0.888; p < 0.001). This research supports the conclusion that there are no significant differences between the two methods. Therefore, it should be highlighted that this field test should be used by physical education teachers in their classes, or in a school context, in order to determine misalignments or scoliosis prevalence among middle-school students.en
dc.formatapplication/pdfen
dc.languageeng
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherMDPIen
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/17/8/2915en
dc.rightsLicence for published version: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectspine alignmenten
dc.subjectpostureen
dc.subjectvisual scanen
dc.subjectchildrenen
dc.subjectx-rayen
dc.titleA visual scan analysis protocol for postural assessment at school in young studentsen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.identifier.eissn1660-4601
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Healthen
dc.date.updated2020-06-29T15:53:57Z
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Sports, Higher Institute of Educational Sciences of the Douro, 4560-708 Penafiel, Portugal.
pubs.place-of-publicationSwitzerland
dc.date.accepted2020-04-21
rioxxterms.funderUniversity of Wolverhamptonen
rioxxterms.identifier.projectUOW15072020ANen
rioxxterms.versionVoRen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.source.volume17
dc.source.issue8
dc.source.beginpage2915
dc.source.endpage2915
dc.description.versionPublished version
refterms.dateFCD2020-07-15T08:36:36Z
refterms.versionFCDVoR
refterms.dateFOA2020-07-15T08:37:18Z


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Licence for published version: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
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