Low back pain and injury in ballet, modern, and hip-hop dancers: a systematic literature review
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AbstractBackground: Anecdotally, low back pain is a common complaint for many dancers; a comparison across recent research is needed to support or disprove this theory across genres. Purpose: To determine the prevalence of low back pain and low back injury in ballet, modern, and hip-hop dancers through a systematic literature review. A secondary goal was to identify trends amongst dance genres, level of mastery, gender, and age, if possible. Study Design: Literature review. Methods: PRISMA search strategy terms between November 2017 and March 2018 with an ADA grading evaluation and a modified Newcastle-Ottawa Risk of Bias assessment. Twenty-five ballet articles, 5 modern, and 3 hip-hop met the inclusion criteria. Results: Prevalence of low back pain or injury seems relatively high in ballet dance; little research exists on the prevalence of back pain in hip-hop or modern dancers. Twenty-five of the 33 studies relied on a questionnaire to gather their data. Conclusion: Ballet dancers are at risk for low back pain or injury independent of gender, age or level of mastery; there is not enough evidence to draw any conclusions about modern dancers or hip-hop dancers and their relationship to low back pain/injury currently. Future studies need a higher level of evidence and a reduced risk of bias. What is known about the subject: There are several injury studies on ballet dancers, but they report ‘low back pain’ or ‘injury’ as a footnote to other injuries. Few studies use modern and hip-hop dancers as participants. The research on ballet dancers fluctuates wildly in reported prevalence, and differing reporting methods prevent direct comparison. What this study adds to existing knowledge: This study illuminates the dearth of research, especially those of high-quality and non-ballet participants. This study aims to call attention to this gap and promote vigorous scholarship for related research moving forward.
CitationHenn, E.D., Smith, T., Ambegaonkar, J. and Wyon, M. (2020) Low back pain and injury in ballet, modern, and hip-hop dancers: a systematic literature review, International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 15(5), pp. 671-687.
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
DescriptionThis is an accepted manuscript of an article published by American Academy of Sports Physical Therapy in International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, available online at: https://ijspt.org/archives/ The accepted version of the publication may differ from the final published version.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/