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dc.contributor.authorPowell, Emma
dc.contributor.authorWoodfield, Lorayne Angela
dc.contributor.authorPowell, Alexander James
dc.contributor.authorNevill, Alan Michael
dc.date.accessioned2020-03-13T12:24:29Z
dc.date.available2020-03-13T12:24:29Z
dc.date.issued2020-01-09
dc.identifier.citationPowell, E., Woodfield, L. A., Powell, A. J. and Nevill, A. M. (2020) Assessing the wider implementation of the SHARP principles: increasing physical activity in primary physical education, Sports, 8(1), 6; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8010006en
dc.identifier.issn2075-4663en
dc.identifier.pmid31936560
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/sports8010006en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/623134
dc.description.abstractTo assess the wider application of the SHARP (Stretching whilst moving, High repetition of skills, Accessibility, Reducing sitting and standing, and Promotion of physical activity) Principles intervention on children's moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in physical education (PE), when applied by teachers and coaches. A quasi-experimental intervention was employed in nine primary schools (experimental, n = 6: control, n = 3) including teachers (n = 10), coaches (n = 4), and children (aged 5 to 11 years, n = 84) in the West Midlands, UK. Practitioners applied the SHARP Principles to PE lessons, guided by an innovative behaviour change model. The System for Observing Fitness and Instruction Time (SOFIT) was used to measure children's MVPA in 111 lessons at pre- (n = 60) and post-intervention (n = 51). Seven interviews were conducted post-intervention to explore practitioners' perceptions. Two-way ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) revealed that teachers increased children's MVPA by 27.7%. No statistically significant change in children's MVPA was observed when taught by the coaches. The qualitative results for teachers were 'children's engagement', a 'pedagogical paradigm shift', and 'relatedness'; and for coaches 'organisational culture' and 'insufficient support and motivation'. The SHARP Principles intervention is the most effective teaching strategy at increasing MVPA in primary PE when taught by school based staff (rather than outsourced coaches), evidencing increases almost double that of any previously published study internationally and demonstrating the capacity to influence educational policy and practice internationally.en
dc.formatapplication/pdfen
dc.languageeng
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherMDPI AGen
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.mdpi.com/2075-4663/8/1/6en
dc.subjectprimary physical educationen
dc.subjectPhysical Activityen
dc.subjectInterventionen
dc.subjectbehaviour change theoryen
dc.subjectSHARP Principlesen
dc.titleAssessing the wider implementation of the SHARP principles: increasing physical activity in primary physical educationen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.identifier.eissn2075-4663
dc.identifier.journalSportsen
dc.date.updated2020-03-10T22:02:07Z
dc.contributor.institutionFaculty of Education, Newman University, Birmingham B32 3NT, UK.
pubs.place-of-publicationSwitzerland
dc.date.accepted2020-01-06
rioxxterms.funderUniversity of Wolverhamptonen
rioxxterms.identifier.projectUOW13032020ANen
rioxxterms.versionVoRen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2020-03-13en
dc.source.volume8
dc.source.issue1
dc.source.beginpage6
dc.source.endpage6
dc.description.versionPublished version
refterms.dateFCD2020-03-13T12:23:57Z
refterms.versionFCDVoR
refterms.dateFOA2020-03-13T12:24:30Z


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