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dc.contributor.authorBondár, RZ
dc.contributor.authordi Fronso, S
dc.contributor.authorBortoli, L
dc.contributor.authorRobazza, C
dc.contributor.authorMetsios, GS
dc.contributor.authorBertollo, M
dc.date.accessioned2020-01-13T14:36:08Z
dc.date.available2020-01-13T14:36:08Z
dc.date.issued2019-12-12
dc.identifier.issn0964-2633en
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/jir.12699en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/622983
dc.description.abstract© 2019 MENCAP and International Association of the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and John Wiley & Sons Ltd Background: Inactivity is a major factor contributing to adverse health in people with intellectual disabilities (IDs). While it is generally agreed that physical activity (PA)/sport-based interventions promote cognitive and social development in the general population, little is known about their specific benefits in adults with ID. The aims of this systematic review were (a) to examine the effects of PA/sport-based interventions on intention, motivation and attitude regarding PA/sport participation in adults with ID and (b) to investigate the influence of these psychological factors on behavioural change (e.g. PA level) and quality of life. Methods: A systematic review has been conducted searching four electronic databases (i.e. SCOPUS, Web of Science, PubMed and Cochrane Library). Studies were included if written in English, peer reviewed, had primary research data, and measured intention, motivation, attitude, behavioural outcomes or quality of life. Results: Thirteen articles met our inclusion criteria of which 10 explored the effects of PA/sport as part of a multi-component intervention. Most investigated outcomes were exercise self-efficacy and quality of life. Five studies measured exercise self-efficacy, and four of them found significant changes. One study found a significant improvement in quality of life and another study in life satisfaction. We observed lack of sport-based interventions, few data about people with severe ID and limited psychological measures. Conclusions: Personal and environmental factors are key components of behavioural change. Support of caregivers and individualised instructions may benefit exercise self-efficacy. There is lack of information about the effects of psychological factors on behavioural change and quality of life in adults with ID.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by an European Collaborative partnership Erasmus + Sport Programme (project name: Equal Sport For All; agreement number ESFA Project 2016‐3719/001‐001).en
dc.formatapplication/pdfen
dc.languageen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWileyen
dc.relation.urlhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/jir.12699en
dc.subjectadulten
dc.subjectintellectual disabilityen
dc.subjectbehavioural changeen
dc.subjectmental retardationen
dc.subjectquality of lifeen
dc.subjectexerciseen
dc.titleThe effects of physical activity or sport-based interventions on psychological factors in adults with intellectual disabilities: a systematic reviewen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.identifier.eissn1365-2788
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Intellectual Disability Researchen
dc.date.updated2020-01-13T14:28:58Z
dc.date.accepted2019-10-13
rioxxterms.funderEuropean Collaborative partnership Erasmus + Sport Programmeen
rioxxterms.identifier.projectEqual Sport For All; agreement number ESFA Project 2016‐3719/001‐001en
rioxxterms.versionAMen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2020-12-12en
dc.description.versionPublished version
refterms.dateFCD2020-01-13T14:35:38Z
refterms.versionFCDAM


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