Pirates, slavers, brigands and gangs: the French terminology of anticolonial rebellion, 1880–1920
AbstractDuring the most rapid period of French colonial expansion (roughly 1880–1914) the French faced regular, often violent, resistance to the expansion of their imperial dominion over people in Africa and Southeast Asia. This article examines the changing terminology that French soldiers, officers and administrators used to describe the anticolonial movements they were called upon to suppress during the course of French conquest and ‘pacification’ operations. This terminology is gleaned both from archival sources, as well as from the so-called ‘grey literature’ of books, letters and pamphlets published by members of the French military, which do not exist in traditional libraries and holdings like the Bibliothèque Nationale. Taken as a whole this analysis grants us insight into how the French thought about themselves, their anticolonial opponents, how these conceptions changed over time, and how these conceptions translated into action and methodology.
CitationD'Andurain, J. and Krause, J. (2017) Pirates, slavers, brigands and gangs: the French terminology of anticolonial rebellion, 1880–1920, French History, 31(4), pp. 495–511.
PublisherOxford University Press
DescriptionThis is an accepted manuscript of an article published by Oxford University Press in French History on 27/11/2017, available online: https://doi.org/10.1093/fh/crx054 The accepted version of the publication may differ from the final published version.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/