Non-Interactive Zero Knowledge Proofs for the Authentication of IoT Devices in Reduced Connectivity Environments
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractCurrent authentication protocols seek to establish authenticated sessions over insecure channels while maintaining a small footprint considering the energy consumption and computational overheads. Traditional authentication schemes must store a form of authentication data on the devices, putting this data at risk. Approaches based on purely public/private key infrastructure come with additional computation and maintenance costs. This work proposes a novel noninteractive zero knowledge (NIZKP) authentication protocol that incorporates the limiting factors in IoT communication devices and sensors. Our protocol considers the inherent network instability and replaces the ZKP NP-hard problem using the Merkle tree structure for the creation of the authentication challenge. A series of simulations evaluate the performance of NIZKP against traditional ZKP approaches based on graph isomorphism. A set of performance metrics has been used, namely the channel rounds for client authentication, effects of the authentication processes, and the protocol interactions to determine areas of improvements. The simulation results indicate empirical evidence for the suitability of our NIKP approach for authentication purposes in resourceconstrained IoT environments.
CitationWalshe, M., Epiphaniou, G., Al-Khateeb, Hammoudeh, M., Katos, V. and Dehghantanha, A. (2019) Non-Interactive Zero Knowledge Proofs for the Authentication of IoT Devices in Reduced Connectivity Environments, Ad Hoc Networks, 95:101988. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adhoc.2019.101988
JournalAd Hoc Networks
DescriptionThis is an accepted manuscript of an article published by Elsevier in Ad hoc Networks on 21/08/2019, available online: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adhoc.2019.101988 The accepted version of the publication may differ from the final published version.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/