Evaluation of a functional epigenetic approach to identify promoter region methylation in phaeochromocytoma and neuroblastoma
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AbstractThe molecular genetics of inherited phaeochromocytoma have received considerable attention, but the somatic genetic and epigenetic events that characterise tumourigenesis in sporadic phaeochromocytomas are less well defined. Previously, we found considerable overlap between patterns of promoter region tumour suppressor gene (TSG) hypermethylation in two neural crest tumours, neuroblastoma and phaeochromocytoma. In order to identify candidate biomarkers; and epigenetically inactivated TSGs in phaeochromocytoma and neuroblastoma, we characterised changes in gene expression in three neuroblastoma cell lines after treatment with the demethylating agent 5-azacytidine. Promoter region methylation status was then determined for 28 genes that demonstrated increased expression after demethylation. Three genes HSP47, homeobox A9 (HOXA9) and opioid binding protein (OPCML) were methylated in > 10% of phaeochromocytomas (52, 17 and 12% respectively). Two of the genes, epithelial membrane protein 3 (EMP3) and HSP47, demonstrated significantly more frequent methylation in neuroblastoma than phaeochromocytoma. These findings extend epigenotype of phaeochromocytoma and identify candidate genes implicated in sporadic phaeochromocytoma tumourigenesis. © 2008 Society for Endocrinology.
CitationMargetts, C. D. E., Morris, M., Astuti, D., Gentle, D. C., Cascon, A., McRonald, F. E., Catchpoole, D., Robledo, M., Neumann, H. P. H., Latif, F. and Maher, E. R. (2008) Evaluation of a functional epigenetic approach to identify promoter region methylation in phaeochromocytoma and neuroblastoma, Endocrine-Related Cancer, 15(3), pp. 777–786.
SponsorsCancer Research UK and the University of Birmingham
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