Increasing physical activity levels in primary school physical education: The SHARP Principles Model
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Abstract© 2015 The Authors. Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of a one-year teaching intervention to increase moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) during primary school physical education (PE). Methods: A quasi-experimental, non-equivalent group design involving four classes from two primary schools in the West Midlands, UK. In March 2014 schools were selected through purposive sampling to match schools in terms of size and demographics (baseline, n=111: post-intervention, n=95); data were collected from children in school years 3 and 4 (aged 7 to 9years). The intervention involved developing teacher effectiveness through the SHARP Principles Model which was grounded in the Self Determination Theory (SDT), the Social Ecological Model (SEM) and three key ingredients from the Behaviour Change Taxonomy (BCT). MVPA was assessed at baseline and four weeks post-intervention using the System for Observing Fitness and Instruction Time (SOFIT). Four individual teacher interviews were conducted with the intervention school, to explore teachers' perceptions of the intervention. Results: A two-way ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) indicated large interaction effect sizes for time spent in MVPA (F(1, 27)=11.07, p=0.003, ηp2=.316) and vigorous activity (VPA) (F=(1,27)=8.557, p=.007, ηp2=.263). PA in the intervention school increased significantly whereas in the control school MVPA remained relatively constant and VPA decreased. The qualitative findings revealed two main emergent themes: a paradigm shift and teacher's developing pedagogy. Conclusions: The intervention was effective in increasing MVPA in PE. Recommendations based on this evaluation would be for the SHARP Principles Model to be replicated and evaluated on a wider scale across a variety of contexts.
CitationPowell, E., Woodfield, L. A. and Nevill, A. M. (2016) 'Increasing physical activity levels in primary school physical education: The SHARP Principles Model', Preventive Medicine Reports, 3 (2016) pp. 7-13.
JournalPreventive Medicine Reports
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Licence for published version: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
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