Extra low interstitial titanium based fully porous morphological bone scaffolds manufactured using selective laser melting
AbstractLattice structure based morphologically matched scaffolds is rapidly growing facilitated by developments in Additive Manufacturing. These porous structures are particularly promising due to their potential in reducing stress shielding and maladapted stress concentration. Accordingly, this study presents Extra Low Interstitial (ELI) Titanium alloy based morphological scaffolds featuring three different porous architecture. All scaffolds were additively manufactured using Selective Laser Melting from Ti6Al4V ELI with porosities of 73.85, 60.53 and 55.26% with the global geometry dictated through X-Ray Computed Tomography. The elastic and plastic performance of both the scaffold prototypes and the bone section being replaced were evaluated through uniaxial compression testing. Comparing the data, the suitability of the Maxwell criterion in evaluating the stiffness behaviour of fully porous morphological scaffolds are carried out. The outcomes show that the best performing scaffolds presented in this study have high strength (169 MPa) and low stiffness (5.09 GPa) suitable to minimise stress shielding. The matching morphology in addition to high porosity allow adequate space for flow circulation and has the potential to reduce maladapted stress concentration. Finally, the Electron Diffraction X-ray analysis revealed a small difference in the composition of aluminium between the particle and the bonding material at the scaffold surface.
CitationBari, K. and Arjunan, A. (2019) Extra low interstitial titanium based fully porous morphological bone scaffolds manufactured using selective laser melting, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 95(2019), pp. 1-12.
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
DescriptionThis is an accepted manuscript of an article published by Elsevier in Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials on 29/03/2019, available online: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmbbm.2019.03.025 The accepted version of the publication may differ from the final published version.
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