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dc.contributor.authorLovecchio, Nicola
dc.contributor.authorGiuriato, Matteo
dc.contributor.authorZago, Matteo
dc.contributor.authorNevill, Alan M.
dc.date.accessioned2019-02-21T14:15:53Z
dc.date.available2019-02-21T14:15:53Z
dc.date.issued2019-01-29
dc.identifier.citationNicola Lovecchio, Matteo Giuriato, Matteo Zago & Alan Nevill (2019) Identifying the optimal body shape and composition associated with strength outcomes in children and adolescent according to place of residence: An allometric approach, Journal of Sports Sciences, DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2018.1562615
dc.identifier.issn0264-0414
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/02640414.2018.1562615
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/622120
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of the study was to identify the optimal body shape and composition associated with physical fitness levels of children living in urban and rural areas of Italy. A total of 7102 children (11–14 years) were assessed for weight, height, percentage body fat (FM%), sit-and-reach flexibility (SAR), standing broad jump (SBJ) and sit-ups (SUP). A multiplicative allometric model, Y = a · massk1 · heightk2 ·ε, was used to predict the physical outcome variables Y = SBJ and SUP. The model was expanded to incorporate FM% and SAR as follows Y = a · massk1 · heightk2 · FM%k3 · exp(b· FM% + c· SAR) ·ε. Note that FM% was incorporated as a “gamma function” that allows an initial growth, and subsequent decline in Y as FM% increases in size. Although having an ectomorph body shape appears advantageous, being too thin appears detrimental to the strength outcomes. Being flexible would also benefit physical fitness levels. Finally, our results indicate that ursban children aged 11–14 have superior strength outcomes compared with rural children, having controlled for differences in body shape and composition, a finding that may be associated with rural environments having fewer exercise facilities compared with urban conurbations.
dc.formatapplication/PDF
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherRoutledge
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02640414.2018.1562615
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/us/
dc.subjectallometric
dc.subjectchildren
dc.subjectadolescent
dc.subjectstrength test
dc.subjectbody mass
dc.subjectplace of residence
dc.titleIdentifying the optimal body shape and composition associated with strength outcomes in children and adolescent according to place of residence: an allometric approach
dc.typeJournal article
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Sports Sciences
dc.date.accepted2018-12-18
rioxxterms.funderUniversity of Wolverhampton
rioxxterms.identifier.projectUOW210219AN
rioxxterms.versionAM
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2020-01-29
dc.source.volume37
dc.source.issue12
dc.source.beginpage1434
dc.source.endpage1441
refterms.dateFCD2019-02-21T14:15:54Z
refterms.versionFCDAM


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