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dc.contributor.authorThelwall, Mike
dc.contributor.authorBailey, Carol
dc.contributor.authorTobin, Catherine
dc.contributor.authorBradshaw, Noel-Ann
dc.date.accessioned2018-12-06T13:51:18Z
dc.date.available2018-12-06T13:51:18Z
dc.date.issued2019-12-31
dc.identifier.citationThelwall, M., Bailey, C., Tobin, C. & Bradshaw, N. (2019). Gender differences in research areas, methods and topics: Can people and thing orientations explain the results? Journal of Informetrics.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1751-1577en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/621959
dc.description.abstractAlthough the gender gap in academia has narrowed, females are underrepresented within some fields in the USA. Prior research suggests that the imbalances between science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields may be partly due to greater male interest in things and greater female interest in people, or to off-putting masculine cultures in some disciplines. To seek more detailed insights across all subjects, this article compares practising US male and female researchers between and within 285 narrow Scopus fields inside 26 broad fields from their first-authored articles published in 2017. The comparison is based on publishing fields and the words used in article titles, abstracts, and keywords. The results cannot be fully explained by the people/thing dimensions. Exceptions include greater female interest in veterinary science and cell biology and greater male interest in abstraction, patients, and power/control fields, such as politics and law. These may be due to other factors, such as the ability of a career to provide status or social impact or the availability of alternative careers. As a possible side effect of the partial people/thing relationship, females are more likely to use exploratory and qualitative methods and males are more likely to use quantitative methods. The results suggest that the necessary steps of eliminating explicit and implicit gender bias in academia are insufficient and might be complemented by measures to make fields more attractive to minority genders.en_US
dc.formatapplication/PDFen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/us/*
dc.subjectgenderen_US
dc.subjectacademiaen_US
dc.subjectdisciplinesen_US
dc.subjectunderrepresentationen_US
dc.subjectSTEMen_US
dc.titleGender differences in research areas, methods and topics: Can people and thing orientations explain the results?en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Informetricsen_US
dc.date.accepted2018-12-02
rioxxterms.funderinternalen_US
rioxxterms.identifier.projectUOW061218MTen_US
rioxxterms.versionAMen_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2019-12-31en_US
refterms.dateFCD2018-12-06T13:51:18Z
refterms.versionFCDAM


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