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dc.contributor.authorMurtagh, Elaine M
dc.contributor.authorNichols, Linda
dc.contributor.authorMohammed, Mohammed A
dc.contributor.authorHolder, Roger
dc.contributor.authorNevill, Alan M.
dc.contributor.authorMurphy, Marie H
dc.date.accessioned2018-05-22T14:03:25Z
dc.date.available2018-05-22T14:03:25Z
dc.date.issued2015-01-08
dc.identifier.citationThe effect of walking on risk factors for cardiovascular disease: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised control trials. 2015, 72:34-43 Prev Meden
dc.identifier.issn0091-7435en
dc.identifier.pmid25579505
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.12.041
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/621295
dc.description.abstractObjective To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised control trials that examined the effect of walking on risk factors for cardiovascular disease.Methods Four electronic databases and reference lists were searched (Jan 1971–June 2012). Two authors identified randomised control trials of interventions ≥ 4 weeks in duration that included at least one group with walking as the only treatment and a no-exercise comparator group. Participants were inactive at baseline. Pooled results were reported as weighted mean treatment effects and 95% confidence intervals using a random effects model. Results 32 articles reported the effects of walking interventions on cardiovascular disease risk factors. Walking increased aerobic capacity (3.04 mL/kg/min, 95% CI 2.48 to 3.60) and reduced systolic (− 3.58 mm Hg, 95% CI − 5.19 to − 1.97) and diastolic (− 1.54 mm Hg, 95% CI − 2.83 to − 0.26) blood pressure, waist circumference (− 1.51 cm, 95% CI − 2.34 to − 0.68), weight (− 1.37 kg, 95% CI − 1.75 to − 1.00), percentage body fat (− 1.22%, 95% CI − 1.70 to − 0.73) and body mass index (− 0.53 kg/m2, 95% CI − 0.72 to − 0.35) but failed to alter blood lipids. Conclusions Walking interventions improve many risk factors for cardiovascular disease. This underscores the central role of walking in physical activity for health promotion.
dc.formatapplication/PDFen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Preventive medicineen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectWalkingen
dc.subjectExerciseen
dc.subjectHealthen
dc.subjectCardiovascular risken
dc.subject.meshAdiposity
dc.subject.meshBlood Pressure
dc.subject.meshBody Mass Index
dc.subject.meshCardiovascular Diseases
dc.subject.meshFemale
dc.subject.meshHumans
dc.subject.meshLipids
dc.subject.meshMale
dc.subject.meshRandomized Controlled Trials as Topic
dc.subject.meshRisk Factors
dc.subject.meshWaist Circumference
dc.subject.meshWalking
dc.titleThe effect of walking on risk factors for cardiovascular disease: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised control trials.en
dc.typeJournal article
dc.identifier.journalPreventive medicineen
dc.date.accepted2014
rioxxterms.funderUniversity of Wolverhampton
rioxxterms.identifier.projectUOW220518ANen
rioxxterms.versionAMen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2018-05-22en
dc.source.volume72
dc.source.beginpage34
dc.source.endpage43
refterms.dateFCD2019-03-20T10:30:17Z
refterms.versionFCDAM
refterms.dateFOA2018-05-22T00:00:00Z


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Archived with thanks to Preventive medicine
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Archived with thanks to Preventive medicine