A machine-learning approach to negation and speculation detection for sentiment analysis
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AbstractRecognizing negative and speculative information is highly relevant for sentiment analysis. This paper presents a machine-learning approach to automatically detect this kind of information in the review domain. The resulting system works in two steps: in the first pass, negation/speculation cues are identified, and in the second phase the full scope of these cues is determined. The system is trained and evaluated on the Simon Fraser University Review corpus, which is extensively used in opinion mining. The results show how the proposed method outstrips the baseline by as much as roughly 20% in the negation cue detection and around 13% in the scope recognition, both in terms of F1. In speculation, the performance obtained in the cue prediction phase is close to that obtained by a human rater carrying out the same task. In the scope detection, the results are also promising and represent a substantial improvement on the baseline (up by roughly 10%). A detailed error analysis is also provided. The extrinsic evaluation shows that the correct identification of cues and scopes is vital for the task of sentiment analysis.
CitationCruz, NP., Taboada, M., Mitkov, R., (2016) 'A machine-learning approach to negation and speculation detection for sentiment analysis', Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology 67 (9) p. 2118
JournalJournal of the Association for Information Science and Technology
SponsorsMaite Taboada from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (Discovery Grant 261104- 2008). This work was partly funded by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science (TIN2009-14057-C03-03 Project) and the Andalusian Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Science (TIC 07629 and TIC 07684 Projects).
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