Depression and state anxiety scores during assisted reproductive treatment are associated with outcome: a meta-analysis
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AbstractThis meta-analysis investigated whether state anxiety and depression scores during assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment and changes in state anxiety and depression scores between baseline and during ART treatment are associated with treatment outcomes. PubMed, PsycInfo, Embase, ScienceDirect, Web of Science and Scopus were searched for studies to include in the meta-analysis. Meta-analytic data were analysed using random effects models to estimate standardised mean differences. 11 studies (2202 patients) were included. Women who achieved a pregnancy had significantly lower depression scores during treatment than women who did not become pregnant -0.302 (95% CI: -0.551 - -0.054, z = -2.387, p = 0.017; I2= 77.142%, p = 0.001). State anxiety scores were also lower in women who became pregnant -0.335 (95% CI: -0.582 - -0.087: z=-2.649, p=0.008; I2 =81.339%, p = 0.001). However, changes in state anxiety (d=-0.056; 95% CI: -0.195 - 0.082, z = -0.794; I2= 0.00%) and depression scores (d=-0.106; 95% CI: -0.296 - 0.085, z = -1.088; I2= 0.00%) from baseline to treatment were not associated with ART outcomes. Clinics should aim to promote better psychosocial care for patients to help them manage the psychological and physical demands ART treatment, giving realistic expectations.
CitationPurewal, S., Chapman, S., van den Akker, O. B. A. 'Depression and state anxiety scores during assisted reproductive treatment are associated with outcome: a meta-analysis', Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 36(6) pp. 646-657. doi: 10.1016/j.rbmo.2018.03.010
JournalReproductive BioMedicine Online
DescriptionThis is an accepted manuscript of an article published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Reproductive Healthcare Ltd in Reproductive Biomedicine Online on 26/03/2018, available online: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rbmo.2018.03.010 The accepted version of the publication may differ from the final published version.
SponsorsThis research was funded by the British Academy small grant award ( SG100026 ).
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/