South Asian Children Have Increased Body Fat in Comparison to White Children at the Same Body Mass Index.
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThe ability of body mass index (BMI) to predict excess fat in South Asian children is unknown. This cross-sectional study examines the influence of ethnicity on body fatness in children. Weight status and body fat were determined using BMI, waist circumference (WC), two skinfold sites (SF; triceps and subscapula) and leg-to-leg bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA; Tanita BF350, Tanita, Tokyo, Japan) in 194 children aged 8.47 ± 0.50 years from Coventry, United Kingdom. Biological maturity was also determined. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) identified significant differences between ethnic (p < 0.001) and gender groups' BMI (p = 0.026), with a significant covariate for skinfold (p < 0.001) and bioelectrical impedance (p < 0.001). For a given body fat value, South Asian children and females had a lower BMI value (-1.12 kg/m², p < 0.001 and -0.50 kg/m², p = 0.026, respectively, when adjusted for SF; -1.56 kg/m², p < 0.001 and -0.31 kg/m², p = 0.16, respectively, when adjusted for BIA) compared with white children and boys. The prediction model including ethnicity, gender and BIA explained 80.4% of the variance in BMI. Maturation was not found to be a significant covariate (p > 0.05). To conclude, the findings suggest that BMI cut-points may need to be lowered in South Asian children, and thus age-by-sex-by-ethnicity specific BMI cut-points are needed in children. Further research examining body composition with health parameters in this population is needed.
CitationSouth Asian Children Have Increased Body Fat in Comparison to White Children at the Same Body Mass Index. 2017, 4 (11) Children (Basel)
JournalChildren (Basel, Switzerland)
The following licence applies to the copyright and re-use of this item:
- Creative Commons
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Archived with thanks to Children (Basel, Switzerland)
- Bioelectrical impedance underestimates total and truncal fatness in abdominally obese women.
- Authors: Neovius M, Hemmingsson E, Freyschuss B, Uddén J
- Issue date: 2006 Oct
- Are ethnic and gender specific equations needed to derive fat free mass from bioelectrical impedance in children of South asian, black african-Caribbean and white European origin? Results of the assessment of body composition in children study.
- Authors: Nightingale CM, Rudnicka AR, Owen CG, Donin AS, Newton SL, Furness CA, Howard EL, Gillings RD, Wells JC, Cook DG, Whincup PH
- Issue date: 2013
- Patterns of body size and adiposity among UK children of South Asian, black African-Caribbean and white European origin: Child Heart And health Study in England (CHASE Study).
- Authors: Nightingale CM, Rudnicka AR, Owen CG, Cook DG, Whincup PH
- Issue date: 2011 Feb
- Measures of body fat in South Asian adults.
- Authors: Kalra S, Mercuri M, Anand SS
- Issue date: 2013 May 27
- Body mass index adjustments to increase the validity of body fatness assessment in UK Black African and South Asian children.
- Authors: Hudda MT, Nightingale CM, Donin AS, Fewtrell MS, Haroun D, Lum S, Williams JE, Owen CG, Rudnicka AR, Wells JCK, Cook DG, Whincup PH
- Issue date: 2017 Jul