Knowledge sharing maturity model for Jordanian construction sector
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CitationKnowledge sharing maturity model for Jordanian construction sector 2017, 24 (1):170 Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management
JournalEngineering, Construction and Architectural Management
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The relationship between software skills and subject specific knowledge, theory and practice.Marshall, Lindsey; Austin, Marc (University of Wolverhampton, 2004)Previous research (Marshall & Austin, 2003) suggests that there is a need for theory to be integrated with practice in design subjects. There is current concern that the acquisition of software skills is taking priority over subject specific knowledge and skills. This is seen as a source of some tension between design education and industry, as many employers require graduates to have knowledge of software prior to employment. Integrating these skills into the curriculum alongside developing creativity and theoretical/contextual understanding is proving difficult for education. Although technology plays an integral role in the production of designed artefacts, it is an adjunct to the core content of courses which is an understanding of the knowledge and skills associated with design, their application to creative problem solving and contextual/ theoretical understanding of issues related to design and a broader field. There is national and international debate around this issue. Justice (1999) expresses concern about space in the curriculum, stating: ‘Before computers, faculty may have had a full semester to teach a beginning typography course. Now, they have a full semester to teach typography and the several software packages the students will use to complete the typography projects.’ (Justice, 1999, p.54)
Understanding Knowledge Sharing in the Jordanian Construction IndustryMohammed, Arif; AlZubi, M; Gupta, A. (Emerald, 2015-07-13)Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a model to understand and facilitate more knowledge sharing (KS) among construction companies in Jordan. Sixteen cultural variables that affect KS were identified through self-administered questionnaires. Design/methodology/approach – Factor analysis was used to find possible relationships between the cultural variables for grouping purposes and to eliminate the cultural variables that do not affect KS. The results of factor analysis were further refined using a brainstorming session and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) was used to prioritise the factors obtained through the factor analysis. Findings – Trust, management and communication were identified as the three most important factors, whilst communication was acknowledged as the least important factor. Originality/value – This research uses factor analysis and AHP to study the influence of cultural factors on KS. It develops a hierarchy of factors that affect effective KS within the Jordanian context. The paper investigated KS in-depth and highlighted the components that constitute KS in an organisation. Based on extensive literature review, this study found the relative importance of different factors that affect KS. The emphasis on trust was found to be more critical than the presence of a computer-based system. In addition, this is the first paper of this type to look at KS in the context of the Jordanian construction industry.
Discovery of event entailment knowledge from text corporaPekar, Viktor (Elsevier, 2008)Event entailment is knowledge that may prove useful for a variety of applications dealing with inferencing over events described in natural language texts. In this paper, we propose a method for automatic discovery of pairs of verbs related by entailment, such as X buy Y X own Y and appoint X as Y X become Y. In contrast to previous approaches that make use of lexico-syntactic patterns and distributional evidence, the underlying assumption of our method is that the implication of one event by another manifests itself in the regular co-occurrence of the two corresponding verbs within locally coherent text. Based on the analogy with the problem of learning selectional preferences Resnik’s [Resnik, P., 1993. Selection and information: a class-based approach to lexical relationships, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Pennsylvania] association strength measure is used to score the extracted verb pairs for asymmetric association in order to discover the direction of entailment in each pair. In our experimental evaluation, we examine the effect that various local discourse indicators produce on the accuracy of this model of entailment. After that we carry out a direct evaluation of the verb pairs against human subjects’ judgements and extrinsically evaluate the pairs on the task of noun phrase coreference resolution.