National Scientific Performance Evolution Patterns: Retrenchment, Successful Expansion, or Overextension
AbstractNational governments would like to preside over an expanding and increasingly high impact science system but are these two goals largely independent or closely linked? This article investigates the relationship between changes in the share of the world’s scientific output and changes in relative citation impact for 2.6 million articles from 26 fields in the 25 countries with the most Scopus-indexed journal articles from 1996 to 2015. There is a negative correlation between expansion and relative citation impact but their relationship varies. China, Spain, Australia, and Poland were successful overall across the 26 fields, expanding both their share of the world’s output and its relative citation impact, whereas Japan, France, Sweden and Israel had decreased shares and relative citation impact. In contrast, the USA, UK, Germany, Italy, Russia, Netherlands, Switzerland, Finland, and Denmark all enjoyed increased relative citation impact despite a declining share of publications. Finally, India, South Korea, Brazil, Taiwan, and Turkey all experienced sustained expansion but a recent fall in relative citation impact. These results may partly reflect changes in the coverage of Scopus and the selection of fields.
CitationThelwall, M. and Levitt, J.M. (2018), National scientific performance evolution patterns: Retrenchment, successful expansion, or overextension. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 69: 720-727. https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.23969
JournalJournal of the Association for Information Science and Technology
DescriptionThis is an accepted manuscript of an article published by Taylor and Francis in Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology on 17/11/2017, available online: https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.23969 The accepted version of the publication may differ from the final published version.
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