Cardiorespiratory fitness and activity explains the obesity-deprivation relationship in children
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThis study examined the association between obesity and deprivation in English children and whether cardiorespiratory fitness or physical activity (PA) can explain this association. Obesity was assessed using IOTF criteria in 8,398 10-16 year olds. Social deprivation was measured using the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) (subdivided into 3 groups; high, mid and low deprivation). Obesity was analysed using binary logistic regression with stature, age and sex incorporated as confounding variables. Children's fitness levels were assessed using predicted VO2 max (20-metre shuttle run test) and PA was estimated using the PA Questionnaire for Adolescents or Children (PAQ). A strong association was found between obesity and deprivation. When fitness and PA were added to the logistic regression models, increasing levels in both were found to reduce the odds of obesity, although it was only by including fitness into the model that the association between obesity and deprivation disappeared. Including estimated PA into the model was found to be curvilinear. Initial increases in PA increase the odds of obesity. Only by increasing PA to exceed the 71(st) percentile (PAQ = 3.22) did the odds of being obese start to decline. In order to reduce deprivation inequalities in children's weight-status, health practitioners should focus on increasing cardiorespiratory fitness via physical activity levels in areas of greater deprivation.
CitationNevill AM., Duncan MJ., Lahart IM., Sandercock G. (2017) 'Cardiorespiratory fitness and activity explains the obesity-deprivation relationship in children', Health Promotion International, 33 (3) pp. 479-487. doi: 10.1093/heapro/daw106
PublisherOxford University Press
JournalHealth Promotion International
The following licence applies to the copyright and re-use of this item:
- Creative Commons
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
- Modelling the association between weight status and social deprivation in English school children: Can physical activity and fitness affect the relationship?
- Authors: Nevill AM, Duncan MJ, Lahart I, Sandercock G
- Issue date: 2016 Nov
- Relationship between Body Mass Index, Cardiorespiratory and Musculoskeletal Fitness among South African Adolescent Girls.
- Authors: Bonney E, Ferguson G, Smits-Engelsman B
- Issue date: 2018 May 28
- Cross-sectional associations between high-deprivation home and neighbourhood environments, and health-related variables among Liverpool children.
- Authors: Noonan RJ, Boddy LM, Knowles ZR, Fairclough SJ
- Issue date: 2016 Jan 13
- The dose-response association between V̇O<sub>2peak</sub> and self-reported physical activity in children.
- Authors: Nevill AM, Duncan MJ, Sandercock G
- Issue date: 2020 Aug
- Associations of Parental Self-Efficacy With Diet, Physical Activity, Body Composition, and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Swedish Preschoolers: Results From the MINISTOP Trial.
- Authors: Parekh N, Henriksson P, Delisle Nyström C, Silfvernagel K, Ruiz JR, Ortega FB, Pomeroy J, Löf M
- Issue date: 2018 Apr